Square root of LeetCode 69. x

Keywords: Java github calculator network JDK

;

My LeetCode: https://leetcode-cn.com/u/ituring/

My LeetCode source code [GitHub]: https://github.com/izhoujie/Algorithmcii

Square root of LeetCode 69. x

subject

Implement the int sqrt(int x) function.

Calculates and returns the square root of X, where x is a non negative integer.

Because the return type is an integer, the result only retains the integer part, and the decimal part will be rounded off.

Example 1:

Input: 4
 Output: 2

Example 2:

Input: 8
 Output: 2
 Note: the square root of 8 is 2.82842, 
Because the return type is an integer, the decimal part will be rounded off.

Source: LeetCode
Link: https://leetcode-cn.com/problems/sqrtx
Copyright belongs to the network. For commercial reprint, please contact the official authorization. For non-commercial reprint, please indicate the source.

Solutions to problems

Idea 1 - direct sequence calculation

Halve x, then square from 1 to x/2;
Can AC, but low efficiency;
Algorithm complexity:

  • Time complexity: ${\ color{Magenta}{\Omicron\left(x\right)}}}$
  • Spatial complexity: ${\ color{Magenta}{\Omicron\left(1\right)}}$

Thinking 2-newton method

Omitted

Algorithm complexity:

  • Time complexity: ${\ color{Magenta}{\Omicron\left(logx\right)}}}$
  • Spatial complexity: ${\ color{Magenta}{\Omicron\left(1\right)}}$

Idea 3 - Manual binary search and solution

Start from 1 to x/2 and compare the squares;

There are two ways to write example code: one is iteration, the other is recursion;
Algorithm complexity:

  • Time complexity: ${\ color{Magenta}{\Omicron\left(logx\right)}}}$
  • Spatial complexity: ${\ color{Magenta}{\Omicron\left(1\right)}}$

Thinking 4 - pocket calculator, the transformation of the formula of finding roots;

\[{\color{Magenta}{\sqrt{x}=x^{\frac{1}{2}}=\left(e^{lnx}\right)^{\frac{1}{2}}=e^{\frac{1}{2}lnx}}} \]

Directly using the Math class method of JDK;

Algorithm complexity:

  • Time complexity: ${\ color{Magenta}{\Omicron\left(1\right)}}$
  • Spatial complexity: ${\ color{Magenta}{\Omicron\left(1\right)}}$

Algorithm source code example

package leetcode;

/**
 * @author ZhouJie
 * @date 2020 5:11:36 p.m., March 1, 2016 
 * @Description: 69. x Square root of
 *
 */
public class LeetCode_0069 {
}

class Solution_0069 {
	/**
	 * @author: ZhouJie
	 * @date: 2020 5:33:13 p.m., March 1, 2010 
	 * @param: @param x
	 * @param: @return
	 * @return: int
	 * @Description: 1-Direct sequence calculation verification (speed can be increased by dichotomy);
	 *
	 */
	public int mySqrt_1(int x) {
		if (x < 2) {
			return x;
		}
		int k = x / 2;
		for (int i = 1; i < k + 1; i++) {
			if (i * i > x || i * i < 0) {
				return i - 1;
			} else if (i * i == x) {
				return i;
			}
		}
		return k;
	}

	/**
	 * @author: ZhouJie
	 * @date: 2020 5:33:36 p.m., March 1, 2016 
	 * @param: @param x
	 * @param: @return
	 * @return: int
	 * @Description: 2-Newton method;
	 *
	 */
	public int mySqrt_2(int x) {
		long y = x / 2 + 1;
		while (y * y > x) {
			y = (y + x / y) / 2;
		}
		return (int) y;
	}

	/**
	 * @author: ZhouJie
	 * @date: 2020 5:57:44 p.m., March 1, 2010 
	 * @param: @param x
	 * @param: @return
	 * @return: int
	 * @Description: 3-Dichotomy;
	 *
	 */
	public int mySqrt_3(int x) {
		if (x < 2) {
			return x;
		}
		long left = 1, right = x / 2, mid = 1;
		while (left <= right) {
			mid = left + (right - left) / 2;
			long t = mid * mid;
			if (t > x) {
				right = mid - 1;
			} else if (t < x) {
				left = mid + 1;
			} else {
				return (int) t;
			}
		}
		return (int) right;
	}

	/**
	 * @author: ZhouJie
	 * @date: 2020 5:58:56 p.m., March 1, 2015 
	 * @param: @param x
	 * @param: @return
	 * @return: int
	 * @Description: 4-Displacement recursion is still binary search;
	 *
	 */
	public int mySqrt_4(int x) {
		if (x < 2) {
			return x;
		}
		int left = mySqrt_4(x >> 2) << 1;
		int right = left + 1;
		// You must first convert a right to a long rather than a product, which may overflow into a negative number
		return (long) right * right > x ? left : right;
	}

	/**
	 * @author: ZhouJie
	 * @date: 2020 1:21:29 p.m., May 9, 2010 
	 * @param: @param x
	 * @param: @return
	 * @return: int
	 * @Description: 5-Pocket calculator, the transformation of the root formula;
	 *
	 */
	public int mySqrt_5(int x) {
		if (x == 0) {
			return x;
		}
		int r = (int) Math.exp(0.5 * Math.log(x));
		return (long) (r + 1) * (r + 1) <= x ? r + 1 : r;
	}
}


Posted by turtlefox on Tue, 12 May 2020 02:03:54 -0700