K8s cluster building (kubeadm scheme)

Keywords: Linux Docker Kubernetes yum network

1. Minimum 3 Centos
A, at least 2 cores CPU+2G memory+20G hard disk
B. Must be in the same network segment
The assignments in this example are:

Master: 192.168.20.245
Worker1: 192.168.20.167
Worker2: 192.168.20.166

2. ip addr confirms whether an IPV4 address is assigned.Without nmtui, Automatically connect is ticked

3. Connect with SSH

4. Disable firewalls,

systemctl stop firewalld & systemctl disable firewalld

5. Disable SELINUX

    A,setenforce 0
    B, vi /etc/selinux/config
    C,SELINUX=disabled

6. Disable swap

    A,swapoff -a
    B,vi /etc/fstab´╝îComment out swap

7. Add k8s source, suggest using Ali or 163

cat <<EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
EOF

8. Install kubelet, kubeadm, kubectl

yum install -y kubectl kubeadm kubectl

9. kube-proxy opens ipvs

vi /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
modprobe br_netfilter
sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
cat > /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules <<EOF
#!/bin/bash
modprobe -- ip_vs
modprobe -- ip_vs_rr
modprobe -- ip_vs_wrr
modprobe -- ip_vs_sh
modprobe -- nf_conntrack_ipv4
EOF
chmod 755 /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules && bash /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules && lsmod | grep -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack_ipv4

Next, you need to make sure that the ipset package is installed on each node
<br/>yum install ipset<br/>
.To facilitate viewing the proxy rules for ipvs, it is best to install an administrative tool
<br/>ipvsadm yum install ipvsadm<br/>
.

10. Install docker

yum install docker
systemctl start docker & systemctl enable docker

11. Set boot-up start kubelet

systemctl enable kubelet

12. Modify hostname (very important, if the same hostname causes problems)

hostnamectl set-hostname XXXX

13. Initialize Master Node

kubeadm init --kubernetes-version=v1.13.0 --apiserver-advertise-address=192.168.2.198 --pod-network-cidr=192.168.0.0/16 --service-cidr=172.20.0.0/16

If timeout occurs because docker cannot automatically get images, it can be resolved in two ways

  • A. Manually pull and modify labels
  • B. Modify the docker source to solve

14. Manual pull images

docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-apiserver:v1.13.0
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-controller-manager:v1.13.0
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-scheduler:v1.13.0
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-proxy:v1.13.0
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/pause:3.1
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/etcd:3.2.24
docker pull coredns/coredns:1.2.6
docker tag mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-proxy:v1.13.0  k8s.gcr.io/kube-proxy:v1.13.0
docker tag mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-scheduler:v1.13.0 k8s.gcr.io/kube-scheduler:v1.13.0
docker tag mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-apiserver:v1.13.0 k8s.gcr.io/kube-apiserver:v1.13.0
docker tag mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-controller-manager:v1.13.0 k8s.gcr.io/kube-controller-manager:v1.13.0
docker tag mirrorgooglecontainers/etcd:3.2.24  k8s.gcr.io/etcd:3.2.24
docker tag coredns/coredns:1.2.6 k8s.gcr.io/coredns:1.2.6
docker tag mirrorgooglecontainers/pause:3.1  k8s.gcr.io/pause:3.1

15. Modify docker source

kubeadm init --image-repository="mirrorgooglecontainers"

16. Re-execute Step 14

17. After successful startup, you can see that the cluster has been successfully started and the worker's instructions to join the cluster have been generated, which can be executed on the worker to join the cluster

kubeadm join 192.168.2.198:6443 --token a5c6ut.lw6ggcibckqnxntp --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:aa29a247ecc426384d526da9dc7a26d22e6e044c5aa77c3f513449e0c9927cac

18. Execute the following instructions

mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

19. Enter kubectl get cs at this time to see how the service is running and ensure it is working properly

20. Install network Addon (using the officially recommended flannel scheme where the pod segment must match the pod-network-cidr set at the time of previous init)

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml$ kubectl apply -f  kube-flannel.yml

21. Join worker to master
Now that the cluster is set up, you can see how each node is running through kubectl get nodes

Install Prometheus
1. Download docker mirror at each node

docker pull prom/node-exporter
docker pull prom/prometheus:v2.0.0
docker pull grafana/grafana:4.2.0

2. Deploy node-export components as daemonset

vi node-exporter.yaml
---
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  name: node-exporter
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: node-exporter
spec:
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: node-exporter
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: prom/node-exporter
        name: node-exporter
        ports:
        - containerPort: 9100
          protocol: TCP
          name: http
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: node-exporter
  name: node-exporter
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  ports:
  - name: http
    port: 9100
    nodePort: 31672
    protocol: TCP
  type: NodePort
  selector:
    k8s-app: node-exporter

kubectl create -f  node-exporter.yaml

3. Deploy prometheus components

vi rabc-setup.yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: prometheus
rules:
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources:
  - nodes
  - nodes/proxy
  - services
  - endpoints
  - pods
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
- apiGroups:
  - extensions
  resources:
  - ingresses
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
- nonResourceURLs: ["/metrics"]
  verbs: ["get"]
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: prometheus
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: prometheus
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: prometheus
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: prometheus
  namespace: kube-system

4. Manage configuration files for prometheus components as configmap

vi configmap.yaml 
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: prometheus-config
  namespace: kube-system
data:
  prometheus.yml: |
    global:
      scrape_interval:     15s
      evaluation_interval: 15s
    scrape_configs:

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-apiservers'
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: endpoints
      scheme: https
      tls_config:
        ca_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
      bearer_token_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
      relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_namespace, __meta_kubernetes_service_name, __meta_kubernetes_endpoint_port_name]
        action: keep
        regex: default;kubernetes;https

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-nodes'
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: node
      scheme: https
      tls_config:
        ca_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
      bearer_token_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
      relabel_configs:
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_node_label_(.+)
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: kubernetes.default.svc:443
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_node_name]
        regex: (.+)
        target_label: __metrics_path__
        replacement: /api/v1/nodes/${1}/proxy/metrics

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-cadvisor'
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: node
      scheme: https
      tls_config:
        ca_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
      bearer_token_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
      relabel_configs:
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_node_label_(.+)
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: kubernetes.default.svc:443
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_node_name]
        regex: (.+)
        target_label: __metrics_path__
        replacement: /api/v1/nodes/${1}/proxy/metrics/cadvisor

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-service-endpoints'
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: endpoints
      relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_scrape]
        action: keep
        regex: true
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_scheme]
        action: replace
        target_label: __scheme__
        regex: (https?)
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_path]
        action: replace
        target_label: __metrics_path__
        regex: (.+)
      - source_labels: [__address__, __meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_port]
        action: replace
        target_label: __address__
        regex: ([^:]+)(?::\d+)?;(\d+)
        replacement: $1:$2
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_service_label_(.+)
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_namespace]
        action: replace
        target_label: kubernetes_namespace
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_service_name]
        action: replace
        target_label: kubernetes_name

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-services'
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: service
      metrics_path: /probe
      params:
        module: [http_2xx]
      relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_probe]
        action: keep
        regex: true
      - source_labels: [__address__]
        target_label: __param_target
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: blackbox-exporter.example.com:9115
      - source_labels: [__param_target]
        target_label: instance
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_service_label_(.+)
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_namespace]
        target_label: kubernetes_namespace
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_service_name]
        target_label: kubernetes_name

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-ingresses'
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: ingress
      relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_ingress_annotation_prometheus_io_probe]
        action: keep
        regex: true
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_ingress_scheme,__address__,__meta_kubernetes_ingress_path]
        regex: (.+);(.+);(.+)
        replacement: ${1}://${2}${3}
        target_label: __param_target
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: blackbox-exporter.example.com:9115
      - source_labels: [__param_target]
        target_label: instance
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_ingress_label_(.+)
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_namespace]
        target_label: kubernetes_namespace
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_ingress_name]
        target_label: kubernetes_name

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-pods'
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: pod
      relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_pod_annotation_prometheus_io_scrape]
        action: keep
        regex: true
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_pod_annotation_prometheus_io_path]
        action: replace
        target_label: __metrics_path__
        regex: (.+)
      - source_labels: [__address__, __meta_kubernetes_pod_annotation_prometheus_io_port]
        action: replace
        regex: ([^:]+)(?::\d+)?;(\d+)
        replacement: $1:$2
        target_label: __address__
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_pod_label_(.+)
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_namespace]
        action: replace
        target_label: kubernetes_namespace
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_pod_name]
        action: replace
        target_label: kubernetes_pod_name

5. deployment file

vi prometheus.deploy.yml
apiVersion: apps/v1beta2
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  labels:
    name: prometheus-deployment
  name: prometheus
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: prometheus
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: prometheus
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: prom/prometheus:v2.0.0
        name: prometheus
        command:
        - "/bin/prometheus"
        args:
        - "--config.file=/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml"
        - "--storage.tsdb.path=/prometheus"
        - "--storage.tsdb.retention=24h"
        ports:
        - containerPort: 9090
          protocol: TCP
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: "/prometheus"
          name: data
        - mountPath: "/etc/prometheus"
          name: config-volume
        resources:
          requests:
            cpu: 100m
            memory: 100Mi
          limits:
            cpu: 500m
            memory: 2500Mi
      serviceAccountName: prometheus    
      volumes:
      - name: data
        emptyDir: {}
      - name: config-volume
        configMap:
          name: prometheus-config

6. Prometheus service file

vi prometheus.svc.yml
kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  labels:
    app: prometheus
  name: prometheus
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - port: 9090
    targetPort: 9090
    nodePort: 30003
  selector:
    app: prometheus

7. Create Files

kubectl create -f  rbac-setup.yaml
kubectl create -f  configmap.yaml 
kubectl create -f  prometheus.deploy.yml 
kubectl create -f  prometheus.svc.yml

Posted by shailendra on Thu, 05 Sep 2019 10:15:23 -0700