Two ways to save scrapy-extracted data to a mongodb database

Keywords: Database MongoDB

1. Briefly introduce that scrapy official documents have more code but fewer changes, while the second sends fewer codes but changes more.

1. The first method; the official document method.We can go to settings to copy the document web address into the official document for copy and paste.(Only three modifications are required in the pipeline,)

import pymongo

class MongoPipeline(object):

    collection_name = 'scrapy_items'  # Here is the name of the database table to which the connection is made

    def __init__(self, mongo_uri, mongo_db):
        self.mongo_uri = mongo_uri
        self.mongo_db = mongo_db

    def from_crawler(cls, crawler):
        return cls(
            mongo_uri=crawler.settings.get('MONGO_URI'),  # There are two parameters in the get, one is the configured MONGO_URL and the other is the localhost
            mongo_db=crawler.settings.get('MONGO_DATABASE', 'items')  # The first parameter here is the database configuration. The second parameter is the database name of its table

    def open_spider(self, spider):
        self.client = pymongo.MongoClient(self.mongo_uri)
        self.db = self.client[self.mongo_db]

    def close_spider(self, spider):

    def process_item(self, item, spider):
        return item

2. Next is the configuration of settings.

MONGO_URL = 'localhost'
MONGO_DATABASE = 'item'  # Name of the database.

2. The second method is to define the mongodb database

1. You only need to define pipelines here. There is no need to configure pipelines in settings. The code is as follows.

import pymongo

class JobsPipeline(object):
    def process_item(self, item, spider):
        # Parameter 1 {'zmmc': item['zmmc']}: Used to query the table for the existence of a documents document corresponding to zmmc.
        # Data to be saved or updated for parameter 2
        # Parameter 3 True: Update (True) or Insert (False, insert_one())
        self.db['job'].update_one({'zmmc': item['zmmc']}, {'$set': dict(item)}, True)  # job is the name of the table connecting to the database
        return item

    def open_spider(self, spider):
        self.client = pymongo.MongoClient('localhost')
        self.db = self.client['jobs'] # jobs is the connection database name
2. The above two methods are for reference only.

Posted by arie_parie on Fri, 28 Feb 2020 08:38:42 -0800