Summary of Rust Future: the essence of several Future writing methods is the same.

Keywords: Programming

There are many concepts involved in future. Future can be used as a task with multiple strings, and then many tasks will be sent to the thread pool. When the thread is executing, it will block in the block_ The on () call waits for an event. For example, the epoll event will drive the nearest Future::poll(), and then execute the next level of Future::poll(), and finally return the value.

There are many pits in Rust Future, and there are differences between the earlier version and nightly version. Like earlier versions
Future<Item=i32, Error=Error>
Later, it was changed to writing method:

Here are three ways of writing. In fact, they are all grammar sugar, which will turn into the most troublesome one in the end!

use futures::future::Future;
use futures::task::{Poll, Context};
use futures::future::{ok, err, join};
use std::error::Error;
use std::result::Result;
use std::pin::Pin;

// The most convenient way to write
async fn fn1() -> i32 {

fn fn2() -> impl Future<Output = u32> {
    async {

struct Foo {
    name: &'static str,

impl Future for Foo {
    type Output = i32;
    fn poll(self: Pin<&mut Self>, cx: &mut Context<'_>) -> Poll<Self::Output> {
        println!("peding..., self.age: {}", self.age);

        // If you keep returning to Pending, you will always be stuck here

fn fn3() -> Foo {
    Foo{name:"aaa", age:333}

fn main() {
    let f1 = futures::executor::block_on(fn1());
    println!("f1: {}", f1);

    let f2 = futures::executor::block_on(fn2());
    println!("f2: {}", f2);

    let foo = Foo{name:"abc", age:2222};
    let f3 = futures::executor::block_on(foo);
    println!("f3: {}", f3);

If the main() function is to use. await, it will be changed to Future. You need to use the macro to convert the following writing method:

async main() {
      let f1 = fn1().await;
	  let f2 = fn2().await;

Will be converted to:

futures::executor::block_on(async {
    main() {
      let f1 = fn1().await;
	  let f2 = fn2().await;

Posted by allanric on Wed, 27 May 2020 08:31:41 -0700