Spring Cloud Bus message bus

Keywords: RabbitMQ Spring Cloud message queue

1. Bus message bus

  Spring Cloud Bus is A message bus within the Spring Cloud system, supporting RabbitMQ and Kafka message middleware. The so-called message bus is simply understood as A message center. Many micro service instances can be connected to the bus, and the instances can send or receive information to the message center (by listening). For example, instance A sends A message to the bus, and instance B on the bus can receive information (instance B subscribes to instance A). The message bus acts as an intermediary to decouple instance A and instance B, as shown in the following figure.

Popular definition: bus is called the message bus in spring cloud. It is mainly used to notify all clients to refresh the configuration information by broadcasting when the remote configuration is updated in the micro service system, so as to avoid manually restarting the service.

2. Implementation of refresh configuration principle

3. Set up RabbitMQ service

3.0 download rabbitmq installation package (easier to install with docker)

Official installation package download: https://www.rabbitmq.com/install-rpm.html#downloads

3.1 upload rabbitmq installation package to linux system


3.2 installing Erlang dependency packages

rpm -ivh erlang-22.0.7-1.el7.x86_64.rpm

3.3 install RabbitMQ installation package (Networking required)

yum install -y rabbitmq-server-3.7.18-1.el7.noarch.rpm
	be careful:After the default installation is completed, the profile template is displayed in the:/usr/share/doc/rabbitmq-server-3.7.18/rabbitmq.config.example In the directory,need	
			Copy profile to/etc/rabbitmq/In the directory,And change the name to rabbitmq.config

3.4 copying configuration files

cp /usr/share/doc/rabbitmq-server-3.7.18/rabbitmq.config.example /etc/rabbitmq/rabbitmq.config

3.5 view profile location

ls /etc/rabbitmq/rabbitmq.config

3.6 modify the configuration file (see the following figure:)

vim /etc/rabbitmq/rabbitmq.config 

Remove%%, and the last comma from the configuration file in the above figure, and modify it to the following figure:

3.7 execute the following command to start the plug-in management in rabbitmq

rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

The following description appears:
	Enabling plugins on node rabbit@localhost:
The following plugins have been configured:
Applying plugin configuration to rabbit@localhost...
The following plugins have been enabled:

set 3 plugins.
Offline change; changes will take effect at broker restart.

3.8 start RabbitMQ service

systemctl start rabbitmq-server
systemctl restart rabbitmq-server
systemctl stop rabbitmq-server

3.9 check the service status (see the figure below):

The premise is to turn off the firewall: systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl status rabbitmq-server
● rabbitmq-server.service - RabbitMQ broker
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/rabbitmq-server.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
Active: active (running) since III 2019-09-25 22:26:35 CST; 7s ago
Main PID: 2904 (beam.smp)
Status: "Initialized"
CGroup: /system.slice/rabbitmq-server.service
├─2904 /usr/lib64/erlang/erts-10.4.4/bin/beam.smp -W w -A 64 -MBas ageffcbf -MHas ageffcbf -
├─3220 erl_child_setup 32768
├─3243 inet_gethost 4
└─3244 inet_gethost 4

3.10 accessing the web management interface

This ip is changed according to your virtual machine or host address 15672

3.11 login management interface


4. Configure unified configuration center to connect to MQ service through Bus

4.1 introduction of Bus dependency in unified configuration center

In fact, Bus dependency should be introduced into all services

<!--introduce bus rely on-->

4.2 config server configuration file

#Connect to mq service through Bus component
#mq host

4.3 restart config server

5. Configure the micro service (config client) to link the MQ service through the Bus

5.1 introduce Bus dependency into all microservices

<!--introduce bus rely on-->

5.2 configure MQ connection configuration in all micro service items, which should be put into remote warehouse management

5.3 an error occurs when restarting all microservices

   error cause: the bus dependent startup is introduced, and the mq server is immediately connected according to the bus configuration in the configuration file. However, at this time, the mq configuration information is in the remote warehouse, so the bus cannot connect to mq and directly reports an error, preventing the application from starting.
 &emsp**; Solution * *: allow the bus component to connect to mq immediately when the project is started. This fails because the bus component can be initialized with the remote configuration after obtaining the remote configuration

#At startup, when the remote configuration has not been pulled completely, all failures during project startup are allowed

5.4 automatic configuration update is realized by sending a post request to the unified configuration of config server

Note: / Actor / bus refresh must be exposed in config server:
Add configuration:

#Turn on all web endpoint exposure

Refresh all services:

http://localhost:8848(configserver address) / Actor / bus refresh

Refresh the specified service:

http://localhost:8848(configserver address) / Actor / bus refresh / service id

6. Summary

   there is no problem with this implementation method, but it is still a little insufficient. That is, after the remote configuration is updated, we still need to think that the post request can be sent automatically when the remote configuration is updated? Of course.
Please see this article about the automatic refresh of Bus integrated webhook: https://blog.csdn.net/qq_43753724/article/details/120107658

Posted by Bluelove on Sat, 04 Sep 2021 17:05:17 -0700