react source code analysis 7.Fiber architecture

Keywords: React

react source code analysis 7.Fiber architecture

Video Explanation (efficient learning): Click to learn

Previous articles:

1. Introduction and interview questions

2. Design concept of react

3.react source code architecture

4. Source directory structure and debugging

5. JSX & Core api

6.legacy and concurrent mode entry functions

7.Fiber architecture

8.render stage

9.diff algorithm

10.commit phase

11. Life cycle

12. Status update process

13.hooks source code

14. Handwritten hooks


16.concurrent mode


18 event system

19. Handwritten Mini react

20. Summary & answers to interview questions in Chapter 1


Fiber's deep understanding

The reconcile of react15 in the render phase cannot be interrupted, which may cause a jam when reconciling a large number of nodes, because the browser is handed over to js for execution all the time, and js is executed in a single thread. Therefore, after react16, there is a scheduler to schedule the time slice and give each task (work unit) a certain time. If it is not executed within this time, it is also necessary to hand over the execution right to the browser for drawing and rearrangement. Therefore, asynchronous and interruptible updates need a certain data structure to save the information of the work unit in memory. This data structure is Fiber.

So what can be done with the Fiber data structure,

  • Work unit task decomposition: Fiber's most important function is to save the corresponding information (including priority) of native nodes or component nodes as work units. These nodes form a Fiber tree through the shape of pointers
  • Incremental rendering: through the comparison between jsx object and current Fiber, the minimum difference patch is generated and applied to real nodes
  • Pause, resume, and arrange priorities according to priority: the Fiber node saves priorities, which enables tasks to pause, resume, and arrange priorities by comparing the priorities of different nodes. It also provides a basis for the upper layer to realize batch update and suspend
  • Save state: because Fiber can save state and updated information, it can update the state of function components, that is, hooks

Data structure of Fiber

The built-in properties of Fiber are as follows:

function FiberNode(
  tag: WorkTag,
  pendingProps: mixed,
  key: null | string,
  mode: TypeOfMode,
) {
  //Save node information as a static data structure 
  this.tag = tag;//Type of corresponding component
  this.key = key;//key attribute
  this.elementType = null;//Element type
  this.type = null;//func or class
  this.stateNode = null;//Real dom node

  //As the number of fibers, the architecture is connected into a fiber tree
  this.return = null;//Point to parent node
  this.child = null;//Point to child
  this.sibling = null;//Point to sibling node
  this.index = 0;

  this.ref = null;

  //Use as a unit of work to calculate state
  this.pendingProps = pendingProps;
  this.memoizedProps = null;
  this.updateQueue = null;
  this.memoizedState = null;
  this.dependencies = null;

  this.mode = mode;
	//effect related
  this.effectTag = NoEffect;
  this.nextEffect = null;
  this.firstEffect = null;
  this.lastEffect = null;

  //Priority related attributes
  this.lanes = NoLanes;
  this.childLanes = NoLanes;

  //Pointers to current and workInProgress
  this.alternate = null;

Fiber dual cache

Now we know that Fiber can save the real dom, and the Fiber node corresponding to the real dom in memory will form a Fiber tree. This Fiber tree is called current Fiber in react, that is, the Fiber tree corresponding to the current dom tree, and the Fiber tree under construction is called workInProgress Fiber. The nodes of the two trees are connected through alternate

function App() {
  return (
        <p>count</p> xiaochen

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById("root"));

Building workInProgress Fiber occurs in createWorkInProgress, which can create or take Fiber

export function createWorkInProgress(current: Fiber, pendingProps: any): Fiber {
  let workInProgress = current.alternate;
  if (workInProgress === null) {//Distinguish between mount and update
    workInProgress = createFiber(
    workInProgress.elementType = current.elementType;
    workInProgress.type = current.type;
    workInProgress.stateNode = current.stateNode;
    workInProgress.alternate = current;
    current.alternate = workInProgress;
  } else {
    workInProgress.pendingProps = pendingProps;//Reuse attribute
    workInProgress.type = current.type;
    workInProgress.flags = NoFlags;

    workInProgress.nextEffect = null;
    workInProgress.firstEffect = null;
    workInProgress.lastEffect = null;

  workInProgress.childLanes = current.childLanes;//Reuse attribute
  workInProgress.lanes = current.lanes;

  workInProgress.child = current.child;
  workInProgress.memoizedProps = current.memoizedProps;
  workInProgress.memoizedState = current.memoizedState;
  workInProgress.updateQueue = current.updateQueue;

  const currentDependencies = current.dependencies;
  workInProgress.dependencies =
    currentDependencies === null
      ? null
      : {
          lanes: currentDependencies.lanes,
          firstContext: currentDependencies.firstContext,

  workInProgress.sibling = current.sibling;
  workInProgress.index = current.index;
  workInProgress.ref = current.ref;

  return workInProgress;
  • During mount: fiberRoot and rootFiber will be created, and then Fiber nodes will be created according to jsx objects, and the nodes will be connected into a current Fiber tree.

  • During update: jsx (render of ClassComponent or return value of FuncComponent) and current Fiber will be formed into a Fiber tree called workInProgress according to the new state (diff algorithm), and then the current of fiberRoot will point to the workInProgress tree. At this time, workInProgress will become current Fiber. fiberRoot: refers to the root node of the entire application. There is only one

    fiberRoot: refers to the root node of the entire application. There is only one

    rootFiber: ReactDOM.render or reactdom.unstable_ There can be multiple application nodes created by createroot.

We now know that there are two fiber trees, current Fiber and workInProgress Fiber. Fiber dual cache means that a new workInProgress Fiber is formed after reconciling (diff), and then the workInProgress Fiber is switched to current Fiber and applied to the real dom. The advantage of dual fiber is that the description of the view is formed in memory and finally applied to the dom, Reduced DOM operations.

Now let's take a look at the process diagram of Fiber dual cache creation:

  • When mount:

    1. At the beginning, only two nodes, fiberRoot and rootFiber, were created
    2. Then create workInProgress Fiber according to jsx:
    3. Switch workInProgress Fiber to current Fiber
  • update

    1. Create workInProgress Fiber based on current Fiber
    2. Switch workInProgress Fiber to current Fiber

Posted by gigamike187 on Wed, 01 Dec 2021 01:19:00 -0800