manjaro Configuration Overview

Keywords: Programming sudo git Pycharm github

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1 Source

Arrange the speed of Chinese mirrors, select one.

sudo pacman-mirrors -i -c China -m rank

/etc/pacman.conf plus:

[archlinuxcn]
SigLevel=Optional TrustedOnly
Server=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/archlinuxcn/$arch

To update:

sudo pacman -Syy && sudo pacman -S archlinuxcn-keyring

2 Input Method

sudo pacman -S fcitx-im fcitx-configtool
# Input method for personal, here is Google Pinyin
sudo pacman -S fcitx-googlepinyin
#Sogou
#sudo pacman -S fcitx-sogoupinyin
#rime
#sudo pacman -S fctix-rime
#More Input Methods Used
#pacman -Ss fcitx
#See

stay

~/.profile

Add

export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export QT_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export XMODIFIERS="@im=fcitx"

3 AUR Assistant

AUR is an acronym for Arch User Repository, a community-driven repository for Arch/Manjaro users, and yay is an Arch Linux AUR help tool written by Go that helps you automatically install packages from PKGBUILD.

sudo pacman -S yay

4 Common Software

4.1 chrome/chromium

sudo pacman -S google-chrome
sudo pacman -S chromium

4.2 NetEasy Cloud Music

sudo pacman -S netease-cloud-music

4.3 git

sudo pacman -S git

4.4 vim

The default is vi only, not vim.

sudo pacman -S vim

4.5 wps

sudo pacman -S wps-office

4.6 VScode

sudo pacman -S visual-studio-code

4.7 qq

There are many versions of QQ to choose from. You can choose wine version of qq, deepinwine version of qq, deepinwine version of tim.QQ or Tim of deepinwin is recommended here. Install using yay or yaourt directly:

yay -S deepin-wine-qq
yay -S deepin-wine-tim

If a direct installation fails, you can use a local packaged installation:

git clone https://github.com/countstarlight/deepin-wine-tim-arch.git
cd deepin-wine-tim-arch
makepkg -si

git clone https://github.com/countstarlight/deepin-wine-qq-arch.git
cd deepin-wine-qq-arch  
makepkg -si

4.8 WeChat

WeChat can use electronic-wechat or deepinwine-wechat, which is recommended.

sudo pacman -S eletronic-wechat
yay -S deepin-wine-wechat

If there is a problem with the signature, you can add:

yay -S deepin-wine-wechat --mflags --skipinteg

If the deepin-wine-wechat installation fails, you can install it locally packaged

git clone https://github.com/countstarlight/deepin-wine-wechat-arch.git
cd deepin-wine-wechat-arch 
makepkg -si

However, currently large pictures have failed to be sent from version 2.8.0.106-1 or above, compression packages cannot be sent, version 2.7.1.88-1 is recommended, and automatic updates and stamps are turned off. Here Download and install:

sudo pacman -U deepin-wine-wechat-2.7.1.88-1-x86_64.pkg.tar.xz

4.9 Thunder

yaourt deepin-wine-thunderspeed

If it fails, you can install it locally packaged

git clone https://github.com/countstarlight/deepin-wine-thunderspeed-arch.git
cd deepin-wine-thunderspeed-arch
makepkg -si

4.10 Depth Screenshot

sudo pacman -S deepin-screenshot

4.11 JetBrains

For this large IDE, I like to download it from the official website. Take PyCharm as an example, download and unzip mobile:

tar -zxvf pycharm-professional-2020.1.1.tar.gz
sudo mv pycharm-2020.1.1/* /usr/local/pycharm

Then add the.desktop file:

sudo vim /usr/share/applications/pycharm.desktop

Add

[Desktop Entry]
Name=PyCharm
Type=Application
Exec=/usr/local/pycharm/bin/pycharm.sh
Icon=/usr/local/pycharm/bin/pycharm.svg

4.12 web Server

sudo pacman -S tomcat9 apache nginx

5 deepin-win FAQ Handling

5.1 Cannot switch Chinese Input Method

stay

~/.xinitrc

Add

export XMODIFIERS=@im=fcitx
export QT_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx

Then add in the corresponding run.sh:

env locale=zh_CN
export XIM=fcitx
export XMODIFIERS="@im=fcitx"
export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export QT_IM_MODULE=fcitx

Here run.sh is located at

/opt/deepinwine/apps/Deepin-xxx

Down.

# QQ
/opt/deepinwine/apps/Deepin-QQ/run.sh
# WeChat
/opt/deepinwine/apps/Deepin-WeChat/run.sh
# Tim
/opt/deepinwine/apps/Deepin-Tim/run.sh

5.2 Font Faintness

env WINEPREFIX="$HOME/.deepinwine/Deepin-QQ" winecfg
env WINEPREFIX="$HOME/.deepinwine/Deepin-WeChat" winecfg
env WINEPREFIX="$HOME/.deepinwine/Deepin-Tim" winecfg

Execute one of these commands and modify the dpi:

5.3 Shadow Border

When WeChat is running, switching to another window will have a shaded border.

This should not happen for versions after v2.8.0.133-2, because shadow.exe comes with it, but files and large pictures cannot be transferred (as reflected in issue, this is a bug and version 2.7 is recommended). For previous versions, refer to Here Method, copy shadows.exe to the corresponding directory:

git clone https://github.com/countstarlight/deepin-wine-wechat-arch.git
sudo cp deepin-wine-wechat-arch-master/shadow.exe ~/.deepinwine/Deepin-WeChat/drive_c/

Then modify run.sh:

#Modify/opt/deepinwine/apps/Deepin-WeChat/run.sh to make a backup first
#Find CallApp(), and add at the end of the line env WINEDLLOVERRIDS
&

#Also append after fi
if [[ -z "$(ps -e | grep -o 'shadow.exe')" ]]; then
	env WINEPREFIX="$WINEPREFIX" WINEDEBUG=-msvcrt $WINE_CMD "c:\\shadow.exe" &
fi

6 Terminal Beautification

Terminal beautification is, of course, zsh+oh-my-zsh.

6.1 Install zsh

Installed by default, if not:

sudo pacman -S zsh

6.2 Install oh-my-zsh

sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.github.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/master/tools/install.sh)"

6.3 Fonts

Powerline fonts need to be installed. It's not difficult. Just clone and install them directly.

git clone https://github.com/powerline/fonts.git
cd fonts
./install.sh

6.4 Topics

The configuration file for oh-my-zsh is as follows:

~/.oh-my-zsh

Among them, there are many themes under themes, the specific effects can be Here See.

The agnoster and powerlevel9k themes are recommended here (and of course, a powerlevel10k theme with github of your own interest), agnoster comes with it, and powerlevel9k needs to be installed:

sudo pacman -S zsh-theme-powerlevel9k
git clone https://github.com/bhilburn/powerlevel9k.git ~/.oh-my-zsh/custom/themes/powerlevel9k

Then modify the configuration file:

#Modify ~/.zshrc
ZSH_THEME="agnoster"
ZSH_THEME="powerlevel9k/powerlevel9k"

6.5 Replace bash

zsh replaces the default bash:

chsh -s `which zsh`

6.6 Alias

The alias of the original bash needs to be reconfigured in zsh, directly in

~/.zshrc

Add the original alias.

6.7 Further modifications

The author's theme is agnoster, which does not work well if used directly:

You can't help but modify the configuration file (themes/agnoster-zsh.thene), which is the core function of agnoster:

Where prompt_context is the part of the user name and host name, the user name and host name will not be displayed after the comment. Other similar things, such as prompt_dir is the current working directory, after locating:

Prompt_segments takes two parameters, a background and a foreground, where blue is the ugly dark blue of the above image, and CURRENT_FG is the foreground color, where black is the text color.

After some exploration, we found that it can support hexadecimal RGB, really fragrant:

So there's no dark blue background:

The terminal is XFCE Terminal. In the system settings, change the background wallpaper, change the text color, etc. according to your personal needs:

Overall effect:

7 Common aliases and scripts

7.1 Common Aliases

For reference only, some common aliases:

#.bashrc plus
alias m='sudo mkdir -p' #New Folder
alias d='cd ~/Desktop && ls'
alias rrr='shutdown -r now'
alias sss='shutdown now'

7.2 cd script

Use c instead of the usual cd and automatically ls1 time after execution:

if [ $# -eq 0 ] ; then
	cd .. && ls
else
	cd $1 && ls
fi

If you just enter a c, go back to the upper directory and ls, if you take a directory parameter, switch to the corresponding directory and ls.Aliases are required:

alias c='source ~/.cd.sh' #The script file is named.cd.sh and is located under ~

7.3 rm script

Instead of adding the rf parameter, use the Recycle Bin mechanism, which is direct movement.

for i in $*; do
	mv $i /home/YOUR_USER_NAME/.Trash/`basename $i`_`date +%Y_%m_%d__%H_%M_%S`
done

Moving file names are followed by time, and the recycle bin location is.Trash in the user directory with an alias:

alias r='sudo sh ~/.rm.sh' # The script name is.rm.sh, in the user directory
alias trash='cd ~/.Trash && ls'

Posted by geroido on Sat, 09 May 2020 19:53:15 -0700