Kubedm, dashboard and harbor private warehouse deployment


1, Kubedm deployment

1.1 environmental preparation

master(2C/4G,cpu The number of cores is required to be greater than 2)		docker,kubeadm,kubelet,kubectl,flannel
node01(2C/2G)		docker,kubeadm,kubelet,kubectl,flannel
node02(2C/2G)		docker,kubeadm,kubelet,kubectl,flannel
Harbor Node( hub.lk.com)		docker,docker-compose,harbor-offline-v1.2.2

1,Install on all nodes Docker and kubeadm
2,deploy Kubernetes Master
3,Deploy container network plug-in
4,deploy Kubernetes Node,Join node Kubernetes In cluster
5,deploy Dashboard Web Page, visual view Kubernetes resources
6,deploy Harbor Private warehouse to store image resources

#//All nodes, turn off firewall rules, turn off selinux, and turn off swap
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld
setenforce 0
iptables -F && iptables -t nat -F && iptables -t mangle -F && iptables -X
swapoff -a						#The swap partition must be closed
sed -ri 's/.*swap.*/#&/' /etc/fstab		#Permanently close the swap partition, and the & symbol represents the last matching result in the sed command

#Load ip_vs module
for i in $(ls /usr/lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/net/netfilter/ipvs|grep -o "^[^.]*");do echo $i; /sbin/modinfo -F filename $i >/dev/null 2>&1 && /sbin/modprobe $i;done

#Modify host name
hostnamectl set-hostname master01
hostnamectl set-hostname node01
hostnamectl set-hostname node02

#Modify hosts file for all nodes
vim /etc/hosts master01 node01 node02

#Adjust kernel parameters
cat > /etc/sysctl.d/kubernetes.conf << EOF
#Turn on the bridge mode to transfer the traffic of the bridge to the iptables chain
#Turn off ipv6 protocol
#Effective parameters
sysctl --system  

1.2. Install docker on all nodes

yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2 
yum-config-manager --add-repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo 
yum install -y docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

mkdir /etc/docker
cat > /etc/docker/daemon.json <<EOF
"registry-mirrors": ["https://aun0tou0.mirror.aliyuncs.com"],
"exec-opts": ["native.cgroupdriver=systemd"],
"log-driver": "json-file",
"log-opts": {
"max-size": "100m"

#The Cgroup managed by system D is used for resource control and management, because compared with Cgroupfs, system D limits CPU, memory and other resources more simply, mature and stable.
#The logs are stored in JSON file format with a size of 100M and stored in / var/log/containers directory to facilitate ELK and other log systems to collect and manage logs.

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable --now docker.service

docker info | grep "Cgroup Driver"

1.3 install kubedm, kubelet and kubectl on all nodes

#Define kubernetes source
cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo << EOF
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg

yum install -y kubelet-1.15.1 kubeadm-1.15.1 kubectl-1.15.1

#Startup and self startup kubelet
systemctl enable kubelet.service
#After K8S is installed through kubedm, it exists in Pod mode, that is, the bottom layer runs in container mode, so kubelet must be set to start automatically

1.4. Deploy K8S cluster

#View images required for initialization
kubeadm config images list

1.4.1. On the master node, upload the kubedm-basic.images.tar.gz compressed package to the / opt directory

cd /opt
tar zxvf kubeadm-basic.images.tar.gz

for i in $(ls /opt/kubeadm-basic.images/*.tar); do docker load -i $i; done

1.4.2 copy image to node node

scp -r kubeadm-basic.images root@node01:/opt
scp -r kubeadm-basic.images root@node02:/opt

1.4.3 initialize kubedm

Method 1

#Deploy on all nodes
kubeadm config print init-defaults > /opt/kubeadm-config.yaml

cd /opt/
vim kubeadm-config.yaml
11 localAPIEndpoint:
12   advertiseAddress:		#Specifies the IP address of the master node
13   bindPort: 6443
34 kubernetesVersion: v1.15.1				#Specify the kubernetes version number
35 networking:
36   dnsDomain: cluster.local
37   podSubnet: ""				#Specify the pod network segment. is used to match the flannel default network segment
38   serviceSubnet:			#Specify service segment
39 scheduler: {}
--- #Add the following at the end
apiVersion: kubeproxy.config.k8s.io/v1alpha1
kind: KubeProxyConfiguration
mode: ipvs									#Change the default service scheduling mode to ipvs mode

kubeadm init --config=kubeadm-config.yaml --experimental-upload-certs | tee kubeadm-init.log
#--The experimental upload certs parameter can automatically distribute the certificate file when joining the node in the subsequent execution. From version k8sV1.16, replace it with -- upload certs
#Tee kubedm-init.log is used to output logs

#View kubedm init log
less kubeadm-init.log

#kubernetes configuration file directory
ls /etc/kubernetes/

#Directory for storing ca and other certificates and passwords
ls /etc/kubernetes/pki	

Method 2

#Deploy on master
kubeadm init \
--apiserver-advertise-address= \
--image-repository registry.aliyuncs.com/google_containers \
--kubernetes-version=v1.15.1 \
--service-cidr= \
To initialize a cluster kubeadm init Command, you can specify either specific parameter initialization or configuration file initialization.
Optional parameters:
--apiserver-advertise-address: apiserver Notification to other components IP Address, usually Master Node is used for communication within the cluster IP Address, Represents all available addresses on the node
--apiserver-bind-port: apiserver The default listening port is 6443
--cert-dir: Communicable ssl Certificate file, default/etc/kubernetes/pki
--control-plane-endpoint: The shared terminal on the console plane can be load balanced ip Address or dns Domain name, which needs to be added in highly available cluster
--image-repository: The image warehouse from which the image is pulled. The default value is k8s.gcr.io
--kubernetes-version: appoint kubernetes edition
--pod-network-cidr: pod The network segment of the resource needs to be connected with pod The value settings of the network plug-in are consistent. Generally, Flannel The default value of the network plug-in is,Calico The default value of the plug-in is;
--service-cidr: service Network segment of resource
--service-dns-domain: service The suffix of the full domain name. The default is cluster.local

Method 2 needs to be modified after initialization kube-proxy of configmap,open ipvs
kubectl edit cm kube-proxy -n=kube-system
 modify mode: ipvs

Your Kubernetes control-plane has initialized successfully!

To start using your cluster, you need to run the following as a regular user:

  mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
  sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
  sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

You should now deploy a pod network to the cluster.
Run "kubectl apply -f [podnetwork].yaml" with one of the options listed at:

Then you can join any number of worker nodes by running the following on each as root:

kubeadm join --token rc0kfs.a1sfe3gl4dvopck5 \
    --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:864fe553c812df2af262b406b707db68b0fd450dc08b34efb73dd5a4771d37a2

1.4.4 setting kubectl

kubectl Need to pass API server The corresponding management operations can be performed only after authentication and authorization, kubeadm The deployed cluster generates an authentication profile for it with administrator privileges /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf,It can be kubectl By default“ $HOME/.kube/config" Load the path of.
#Configure on master01
mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

#Execute the kubedm join command on the node node to join the cluster
kubeadm join --token o3fyge.9j8njg2mvah6apzp \
--discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:d68617a129b7214d048859cb194b7aa529bc54692e5ad50dae3a37a295ab2828

1.4.5 deploy the network plug-in flannel on all nodes

Method 1:

#All nodes upload the flannel image flannel.tar to the / opt directory, and the master node uploads the kube-flannel.yml file
cd /opt
docker load < flannel.tar

#Create a flannel resource in the master node
kubectl apply -f kube-flannel.yml 

Method 2:

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml

1.4.5 test pod resource creation

kubectl create deployment nginx --image=nginx

1.4.6 providing services through exposed ports

kubectl expose deployment nginx --port=80 --type=NodePort

#Test access

1.4.7 expand 3 copies

kubectl scale deployment nginx --replicas=3

2, Installing dashboard

2.1. Install dashboard at all nodes

Method 1

#All nodes upload the dashboard image dashboard.tar to the / opt directory, and the master node uploads the kubernetes-dashboard.yaml file
cd /opt/
docker load < dashboard.tar
kubectl apply -f kubernetes-dashboard.yaml

Method 2:

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/dashboard/v2.0.0/aio/deploy/recommended.yaml

2.1.1. Check the operation status of all containers

kubectl get pods,svc -n kube-system -o wide

2.2. Use Firefox or 360 browser to access

2.3. Create a service account and bind the default cluster admin administrator cluster role

kubectl create serviceaccount dashboard-admin -n kube-system
kubectl create clusterrolebinding dashboard-admin --clusterrole=cluster-admin --serviceaccount=kube-system:dashboard-admin

2.4. Obtain token key

kubectl describe secrets -n kube-system $(kubectl -n kube-system get secret | awk '/dashboard-admin/{print $1}')

#Copy the token and log in to the website directly

3, Install Harbor private warehouse

3.1. Harbor node environment preparation

#Modify host name
hostnamectl set-hostname hub.lk.com

#All nodes plus hostname mapping
echo ' hub.lk.com' >> /etc/hosts

#Install docker
yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2 
yum-config-manager --add-repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo 
yum install -y docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

mkdir /etc/docker
cat > /etc/docker/daemon.json <<EOF
  "registry-mirrors": ["https://aun0tou0.mirror.aliyuncs.com"],
  "exec-opts": ["native.cgroupdriver=systemd"],
  "log-driver": "json-file",
  "log-opts": {
    "max-size": "100m"
  "insecure-registries": ["https://hub.lk.com"]

systemctl start docker
systemctl enable docker

3.2. All node nodes modify the docker configuration file and add the private warehouse configuration

cat > /etc/docker/daemon.json <<EOF
  "registry-mirrors": ["https://aun0tou0.mirror.aliyuncs.com"],
  "exec-opts": ["native.cgroupdriver=systemd"],
  "log-driver": "json-file",
  "log-opts": {
    "max-size": "100m"
  "insecure-registries": ["https://hub.lk.com"]

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart docker

3.3. Harbor installation

3.3.1. Upload harbor-offline-installer-v1.2.2.tgz and docker compose files to / opt directory

cd /opt
cp docker-compose /usr/local/bin/
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

tar zxvf harbor-offline-installer-v1.2.2.tgz
cd harbor/
vim harbor.cfg
5  hostname = hub.lk.com
9  ui_url_protocol = https
24 ssl_cert = /data/cert/server.crt
25 ssl_cert_key = /data/cert/server.key
59 harbor_admin_password = Harbor12345

3.3.2. Generate certificate, private key and certificate signature request file

mkdir -p /data/cert
cd /data/cert

#Private key
openssl genrsa -des3 -out server.key 2048
 Enter the password twice: 123456

#Certificate signing request file
openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr
 Enter private key password: 123456
 Enter country name: CN
 Enter province name: BJ
 Enter city name: BJ
 Enter Organization Name: LK
 Enter practice Name: LK
 Enter domain name: hub.lk.com
 Enter administrator mailbox: admin@lk.com
 All others are directly returned	

3.3.3. Back up the private key, clear the private key password, and sign the certificate

#Backup private key
cp server.key server.key.org

#Clear private key password
openssl rsa -in server.key.org -out server.key
 Enter private key password: 123456

#Signing certificate
openssl x509 -req -days 1000 -in server.csr -signkey server.key -out server.crt
chmod +x /data/cert/*
cd /opt/harbor/

#Browser access: https://hub.lk.com
#User name: admin
#Password: Harbor 12345

3.4. node login test

docker login -u admin -p Harbor12345 https://hub.lk.com

#Upload image
docker tag nginx:latest hub.lk.com/library/nginx:v1
docker push hub.lk.com/library/nginx:v1

#Delete the previously created nginx resource on the master node
kubectl delete deployment nginx
kubectl run nginx-deployment --image=hub.lk.com/library/nginx:v1 --port=80 --replicas=3

#Publishing services
kubectl expose deployment nginx-deployment --port=30000 --target-port=80

3.5 change the scheduling policy to NodePort

kubectl edit svc nginx-deployment
25   type: NodePort				
#Change the scheduling policy to NodePort
kubectl get svc

#Browser access:

4, Kernel parameter optimization scheme

cat > /etc/sysctl.d/kubernetes.conf <<EOF
vm.swappiness=0									#The use of swap space is prohibited and is allowed only when the system is out of memory (OOM)
vm.overcommit_memory=1							#Do not check whether the physical memory is sufficient
vm.panic_on_oom=0								#Open OOM
fs.file-max=52706963							#Specifies the maximum number of file handles
fs.nr_open=52706963								#Only versions above 4.4 are supported

Posted by viktor1983 on Mon, 01 Nov 2021 06:49:03 -0700