Komatsu's study and understanding of the core idea of spring

Keywords: Java Spring Back-end

There was a wave of simulated interview at station b on Saturday. Three college students were a little disappointed

Because I think they are all back-end developers, and I'm android developers. I'm not familiar with spring and I'm afraid of making a fool of myself, so I've been mending spring knowledge all day on Saturday

As a result, no one answered the first question of IOC... I don't know how to ask it later

The last video was sent out because my classmates said they didn't want to send it out. There's no way. I can only delete it because the video is very large. If you re code, edit, export and upload, it will take at least two hours to start. I really don't want to waste time on this kind of thing

In the future, we still need to set the threshold for the mock interview

OK, today, let's talk about my harvest from learning spring. All the following knowledge points come from the Silicon Valley course: from=search&seid=5808667601204981268&spm_ id_ from=333.337.0.0,

On the basis of my study notes, touch up and tell the readers


When we want to create an object in java, we usually use two methods, new and reflection

However, the reflection is generally slow. The normal process uses new

At this time, there will be a big problem in the project, that is, the degree of coupling

For example, to construct a Person class and let him drive a Car, simply use the new method. It is necessary for the Person to hold the Car. Obviously, in theory, Person and Car should be independent entities, so IOC is required, that is, control inversion

In the natural world, creating life is God's ability. Once life has the power to create life independently, it will be a disaster

In the programming world, creating objects is also a God's ability. If all objects can create objects indiscriminately, the project will be almost impossible to maintain


So the spring framework takes back this ability. If you want to create an object, you need to declare it in the configuration file

<bean id = "userDaoImpl" class  = "com.littlesong.UserDaoImpl"></bean>

Pass in the id and fully qualified class name, and each object is a bean

Then we can write this in the test class

    public void testBean1() {
        //1 load spring configuration file
        ApplicationContext context =
                new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("bean2.xml");
        //2 get the object created by configuration
        UserService userService = context.getBean("userService", UserService.class);

First get the context, and then pass in the id name through the context to get the UserService class

Therefore, the ability to create objects is entrusted to spring. No matter which class you are, when you want to call a method of a class, you only need to obtain it through context, which completely relieves the dependency

In addition, there is a similar global context in android development, which also plays a great role in decoupling before

The above is just a simple object. What if it is a slightly complex object like the following?

public class Emp {
    private String ename;
    private String gender;
    //Employees belong to a department and are represented in object form
    private Dept dept;

    //get method for generating dept
    public Dept getDept() {
        return dept;

    public void setDept(Dept dept) {
        this.dept = dept;
    public void setEname(String ename) {
        this.ename = ename;
    public void setGender(String gender) {
        this.gender = gender;

    public void add() {

When obtaining Emp, we also need to inject name, gender and other information at the same time, which can also be specified with xml tags

  <!--inside bean-->
    <bean id="emp" class="com.littlesong.spring5.bean.Emp">
        <!--Set two common properties-->
        <property name="ename" value="lucy"></property>
        <property name="gender" value="female"></property>
        <!--Set object type properties-->
        <property name="dept">
            <bean id="dept" class="com.littlesong.spring5.bean.Dept">
                <property name="dname" value="Security Department"></property>

But I believe you have found a problem. That is, if each class is configured in this way, don't write code. Just write configuration files every day. This is also the reason for the emergence of spring boot. However, in addition to xml configuration, we also have annotation


spring has four built-in annotations to create Bean objects


For example, it can be written like this

public class UserService {

    @Value(value = "abc")
    private String name;

When we define UserService in this way, if there are other classes to use UserService

Can directly

 public void testService1() {
        ApplicationContext context
                = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("bean1.xml");
        UserService userService = context.getBean("userService", UserService.class);//Where did userService come from?

You may be curious that we have configured id in xml and can get it through getBean, but here we only have Service annotation. Why can we get objects through "userService"? This is because the @ Service annotation defaults that its id is the initial lowercase of the class name. You can do this if you want to customize it

@Service(value = "otherService")

Of course, we can guess when we are executing this line of code

UserService userService = context.getBean("userService", UserService.class);

Because there is no configuration file, spring must scan annotations in the global scan, so it is necessary to configure the scan switch and have a user-defined scan scope to specify scanning under some packages, which is faster

 <context:component-scan base-package="com.littlesong.spring5.aopanno"></context:component-scan>

In addition to the universal tool of context, we can also use the annotation @ Autowired

public class UserService {

    //Injection dao
    private UserDao userDao;

At this time, when we need to use userDao, we can use it directly instead of new

Of course, there are many annotations of spring, each with its own purpose, which will not be repeated here, but they all play the role of replacing xml files


AOP is another idea of spring, which is translated into aspect oriented programming in Chinese

When we define our own schedule, we often say: news at 6 o'clock and rest at 7 o'clock; No one will start from 0 o'clock to calculate how much time they spend on what things, and then launch their rest time at what time

In fact, this is an aspect oriented idea

In the back end, many events will occur. We need to know the timing before and after the occurrence of event A, and then insert other methods, namely before and after methods

For example, before can be used for initialization, and after can be used to print logs

At the same time, we also hope to have some global before or global after. At this time, it needs to be separated from specific events. How can spring understand what we mean?

Similarly, annotations will be used, and these annotations come from a framework called AspectJ

//Enhanced class
@Aspect  //Generate proxy object
public class UserProxy {


Here, we generate a User proxy class, UserProxy, to help us simulate the occurrence of various things in the User class

The code is as follows

public class UserProxy {

    //Same pointcut extraction
    @Pointcut(value = "execution(* com.littlesong.spring5.aopanno.User.add(..))")
    public void pointdemo() {


    //Before advice 
    //@The Before annotation indicates as a pre notification
    @Before(value = "pointdemo()")
    public void before() {

    //Final notice
    @After(value = "execution(* com.littlesong.spring5.aopanno.User.add(..))")
    public void after() {

There is a lot of information above. In short, we use a ponitcut annotation to indicate that the entry takes you in the User.add method,

Then use the before and after annotations, so that our customized before and after methods will automatically run before and after User.add()

Therefore, we can easily know all the States before and after the operation of any method, so as to control the whole back-end system

Of course, there are not only before and after aspects, so the function is too weak. Although I haven't used too many annotations, in theory, spring should provide annotations for all effective aspects


As the back-end, it is necessary to deal with the database. The most common is mysql. Large projects may use nosql

All data modifications at the back end are essentially transactions one by one, so spring provides a transaction manager and provides different transaction managers according to different data sources

Among them, DataSource refers to the use of JDBC, which is a relatively primitive way to handle database transactions. However, Hibernate or Mybatis are generally used now, but the core will not change. They are all encapsulated by a layer of middleware between the back end and the database,

In addition, the characteristics of transactions are not the content of spring, and will not be repeated in this article

Finally, let's take a look at the architecture diagram of spring

It can be seen that there are still a lot of contents, which are not fully covered in this article. However, after mastering the ideas of IOC and AOP, I believe other contents will be mastered quickly. More importantly, as far as I know, few companies will only use spring. spring boot, springMVC, dubbo, ZK, RQ and other frameworks emerge one after another. It can be said that learning spring is only the first step towards the back end, Although the back end is rolling this year

This is mainly because the supply of algorithmic Posts exceeds the demand, and many graduate students are forced to switch to the back end,

Maybe one day android won't work, I'll roll the back end, hahaha

Posted by gijs on Sun, 05 Dec 2021 07:07:04 -0800