Java must have a tool library to reduce your code by 90%

After working for many years, I found that there are many tool class libraries that can greatly simplify the amount of code and improve development efficiency, but junior developers don't know. These class libraries have long become the industry standard class libraries, and they are also used in large companies. If someone told me to use these tool class libraries when I first started working, how good it would be!

Take a look at the tool class libraries you have also used.

Java's own tools and methods

The List collection is spliced into comma separated strings

// How to splice a list set into comma separated strings a,b,c 
List<String> list = Arrays.asList("a", "b", "c");  
// The first method can use stream 
String join =","));  
System.out.println(join); // Output a,b,c 
// The second method, in fact, String also has a join method to realize this function 
String join = String.join(",", list);  
System.out.println(join); // Output a,b,c

Compare two strings for equality, ignoring case

if (strA.equalsIgnoreCase(strB)) {  

Compares whether two objects are equal

When we use equals to compare whether two Objects are equal, we also need to judge the null of the object on the left, otherwise a null pointer exception may be reported. We can use the method encapsulated by Objects in java.util package to compare whether they are equal.

Objects.equals(strA, strB);

The source code is like this

public static boolean equals(Object a, Object b) {  
    return (a == b) || (a != null && a.equals(b));  

Intersection of two List sets

List<String> list1 = new ArrayList<>();  
List<String> list2 = new ArrayList<>();  
// Output [a, b]

apache commons tool class library

apache commons is the most powerful and widely used tool class library. There are many sub libraries. Here are some of the most commonly used tools

Commons Lang, enhanced version of java.lang

It is recommended to use commons Lang 3. Some APIs have been optimized. The original commons Lang has stopped updating.

Maven's dependencies are:


Empty string

The passed parameter CharSequence type is the parent class of String, StringBuilder and StringBuffer, which can be directly null judged by the following methods. The following is the source code:

public static boolean isEmpty(final CharSequence cs) {  
    return cs == null || cs.length() == 0;  
public static boolean isNotEmpty(final CharSequence cs) {  
    return !isEmpty(cs);  
// Blank characters in the string, such as spaces, line breaks, and tabs, will be removed during blank judgment 
public static boolean isBlank(final CharSequence cs) {  
    final int strLen = length(cs);  
    if (strLen == 0) {  
        return true;  
    for (int i = 0; i < strLen; i++) {  
        if (!Character.isWhitespace(cs.charAt(i))) {  
            return false;  
    return true;  
public static boolean isNotBlank(final CharSequence cs) {  
    return !isBlank(cs);  

Capitalize initial

String str = "yideng";  
String capitalize = StringUtils.capitalize(str);  
System.out.println(capitalize); // Output Yideng

Repeat splice string

String str = StringUtils.repeat("ab", 2);  
System.out.println(str); // Output abab

format date

No more handwritten SimpleDateFormat formatting.

// Date type to String type 
String date = DateFormatUtils.format(new Date(), "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");  
System.out.println(date); // Output 2021-05-01 01:01:01 
// String type to Date type 
Date date = DateUtils.parseDate("2021-05-01 01:01:01", "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");  
// Calculate the date after one hour 
Date date = DateUtils.addHours(new Date(), 1);

Packaging temporary objects

When a method needs to return two or more fields, we usually encapsulate it as a temporary object. Now we don't need it with Pair and Triple.

// Return two fields 
ImmutablePair<Integer, String> pair = ImmutablePair.of(1, "yideng");  
System.out.println(pair.getLeft() + "," + pair.getRight()); // Output 1,yideng 
// Return three fields 
ImmutableTriple<Integer, String, Date> triple = ImmutableTriple.of(1, "yideng", new Date());  
System.out.println(triple.getLeft() + "," + triple.getMiddle() + "," + triple.getRight()); // Output 1,yideng,Wed Apr 07 23:30:00 CST 2021

Ommons collections collection tool class

Maven's dependencies are:


Set empty judgment

Encapsulates the method of set empty judgment. The following is the source code:

public static boolean isEmpty(final Collection<?> coll) {  
    return coll == null || coll.isEmpty();  
public static boolean isNotEmpty(final Collection<?> coll) {  
    return !isEmpty(coll);  
// Intersection of two sets 
Collection<String> collection = CollectionUtils.retainAll(listA, listB);  
// Union of two sets 
Collection<String> collection = CollectionUtils.union(listA, listB);  
// Difference set of two sets 
Collection<String> collection = CollectionUtils.subtract(listA, listB);

Common bean utils operand

Maven dependency:

public class User {  
    private Integer id;  
    private String name;  

Set object properties

User user = new User();  
BeanUtils.setProperty(user, "id", 1);  
BeanUtils.setProperty(user, "name", "yideng");  
System.out.println(BeanUtils.getProperty(user, "name")); // Output yideng 
System.out.println(user); // Output {"id":1,"name":"yideng"}

Object and map rotate with each other

// Object to map 
Map<String, String> map = BeanUtils.describe(user);  
System.out.println(map); // Output {"id":"1","name":"yideng"} 
// map to object 
User newUser = new User();  
BeanUtils.populate(newUser, map);  
System.out.println(newUser); // Output {"id":1,"name":"yideng"}

Commons IO file stream processing

Maven dependency:


File processing

File file = new File("demo1.txt");  
// read file 
List<String> lines = FileUtils.readLines(file, Charset.defaultCharset());  
// write file 
FileUtils.writeLines(new File("demo2.txt"), lines);  
// Copy file 
FileUtils.copyFile(srcFile, destFile);

Google Guava tool class library

Maven dependency:


Create collection

List<String> list = Lists.newArrayList();  
List<Integer> list = Lists.newArrayList(1, 2, 3);  
// Reverse list 
List<Integer> reverse = Lists.reverse(list);  
System.out.println(reverse); // Output [3, 2, 1] 
// There are too many elements in the list set, which can be divided into several sets, with 10 elements in each set 
List<List<Integer>> partition = Lists.partition(list, 10);  
Map<String, String> map = Maps.newHashMap();  
Set<String> set = Sets.newHashSet();

Multimap a key can map a HashMap of multiple value s

Multimap<String, Integer> map = ArrayListMultimap.create();  
map.put("key", 1);  
map.put("key", 2);  
Collection<Integer> values = map.get("key");  
System.out.println(map); // Output {key":[1,2]} 
// It can also return the bloated Map you used before 
Map<String, Collection<Integer>> collectionMap = map.asMap();

It's easy and concise to save you from creating map < string, list >

BiMap is a HashMap that can't even duplicate value s

BiMap<String, String> biMap = HashBiMap.create();  
// If the value is repeated, the put method throws an exception unless the forcePut method is used 
System.out.println(biMap); // Output {"key":"value"} 
// Since value cannot be repeated, why not implement a method to flip key/value? It already exists 
BiMap<String, String> inverse = biMap.inverse();  
System.out.println(inverse); // Output {"value":"key"}

This is actually a two-way mapping, which is very practical in some scenarios.

Table is a HashMap with two key s

// A group of users, grouped by age and gender 
Table<Integer, String, String> table = HashBasedTable.create();  
table.put(18, "male", "yideng");  
table.put(18, "female", "Lily");  
System.out.println(table.get(18, "male")); // Output yideng 
// This is actually a two-dimensional Map, which can view row data 
Map<String, String> row = table.row(18);  
System.out.println(row); // Output {"male": "yideng", "female": "Lily"} 
// View column data 
Map<Integer, String> column = table.column("male");  
System.out.println(column); // Output {18:"yideng"}

Multiset a Set used for counting

Multiset<String> multiset = HashMultiset.create();  
System.out.println(multiset.count("apple")); // Output 2 
// View de duplicated elements 
Set<String> set = multiset.elementSet();  
System.out.println(set); // Output ["orange","apple"] 
// You can also view elements that have not been de duplicated 
Iterator<String> iterator = multiset.iterator();  
while (iterator.hasNext()) {  
// You can also manually set the number of occurrences of an element 
multiset.setCount("apple", 5);

The above is personal experience. I hope I can give you a reference. If there are mistakes or not considered completely, spray gently.

Posted by silentmajority3 on Tue, 07 Dec 2021 00:18:01 -0800