Install, set up, start and stop redis under mac

Keywords: Programming Redis Database sudo

Common Command Description

Redis server: redis-server
Redis client: redis-cli
Redis performance testing tool: redis-benchmark
AOF File Repair Tool: redis-check-aof
RDB File Repair Tool: redis-check-rd
redis sets temporary password: config set requirepass password
redis gets the temporary password: config get requirepass

start and stopping

Server Start

  • Default startup
    As mentioned above, the redis server is started at the command redis-server. And accept client connection

  • Start according to settings
  • Create bin, etc, db directories under / usr/local/redis
  • Copy, redis-benchmark, redis-check-rdb, redis-cli, redis-server in the / usr/local/redis/src directory to the bin directory
  • Under etc, a new configuration redis.conf is created, which reads as follows.
  • / New log file log-redis.log under usr/local/redis and modify current user permissions. Sudo chown-R shoren/usr/local/redis/
  • Start the server: redis-server/usr/local/redis/etc/redis.conf

#Modified to daemon mode
daemonize yes

#Setting Process Lock File
pidfile /usr/local/redis/

port 6379

#Client timeout
timeout 300

#log level
loglevel debug

#Location of log files
logfile /usr/local/redis/log-redis.log

#Set the number of databases, default database is 16, you can use the SELECT command to specify the database id on the connection
databases 16

##Specifies how many update operations there are in the long run, synchronizing the data to the data file.

#The Redis default configuration file provides three conditions:
save 900 1
save 300 10
save 60 10000

#Specifies whether to compress data when stored in a local database, by default yes, Redis uses LZF compression, if in order to save CPU time,
#This can be turned off#Options, but can cause database files to become huge
rdbcompression yes

#Specify the local database file name
dbfilename dump.rdb

#Specify the local database path
dir /usr/local/redis/db/

#Specifies whether to log after each update operation. Redis, by default, writes data asynchronously to disk. If not turned on, it may
#It can cause data loss for a period of time when the power is off. Because redis itself synchronizes data files according to the save condition above, there are
#Data will only exist in memory for a period of time.
appendonly no

#There are three optional values for specifying update log conditions:
#no: indicates that the operating system will synchronize data cache to disk (fast).
#always: Represents a manual call to fsync() after each update operation to write data to disk (slow, secure)
#everysec: Represents synchronization once a second (compromise, default)
appendfsync everysec

Next, you can view the log as follows to indicate that the startup was successful:

           _.-``__ ''-._                                             
      _.-``    `.  `_.  ''-._           Redis 3.2.5 (00000000/0) 64 bit
  .-`` .-```.  ```\/    _.,_ ''-._                                   
 (    '      ,       .-`  | `,    )     Running in standalone mode
 |`-._`-...-` __...-.``-._|'` _.-'|     Port: 6379
 |    `-._   `._    /     _.-'    |     PID: 14447
  `-._    `-._  `-./  _.-'    _.-'                                   
 |`-._`-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'_.-'|                                  
 |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |         
  `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'                                   
 |`-._`-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'_.-'|                                  
 |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |                                  
  `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'                                   
      `-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'                                       
          `-._        _.-'                                           

14447:M 24 Apr 17:57:33.215 # Server started, Redis version 3.2.5
14447:M 24 Apr 17:57:33.215 * The server is now ready to accept connections on port 6379
14447:M 24 Apr 17:57:33.215 - 0 clients connected (0 slaves), 956832 bytes in use
14447:M 24 Apr 17:57:38.257 - 0 clients connected (0 slaves), 956832 bytes in use

Close the server

  • force close
    Forced termination of redis process may result in data loss, because redis may be synchronizing memory data to hard disk.
 ps axu|grep redis  ## Find the PID of redis-server
 kill -9 PID
  • Command close
    Send SHUTDOWN command to redis, namely redis-cli SHUTDOWN. When Redis receives the command, the server disconnects all clients, persists according to configuration, and finally exits.
## Start redis-server, background thread
AT8775:redis shoren$ redis-server /usr/local/redis/etc/redis.conf 
## Startup success
AT8775:redis shoren$ ps axu|grep redis
shoren           14948   0.0  0.0  2434840    760 s000  S+   10:18 0 a.m.:00.00 grep redis
shoren           14946   0.0  0.0  2452968   1492   ??  Ss   10:18 0 a.m.:00.01 redis-server *:6379 
## Close the server
AT8775:redis shoren$ redis-cli shutdown
##Shut down successfully
AT8775:redis shoren$ ps axu|grep redis
shoren           14952   0.0  0.0  2435864    772 s000  S+   10:19 0 a.m.:00.01 grep redis

Start the client

  • Default startup
    Start the client with the command redis-cli and connect Redis ( according to the default configuration.

  • Specify address and port number
    Use the command redis-cli-h 6379

Close the client

Interactive mode uses quit

AT8775:redis shoren$ redis-cli -h -p 6379
## Simple use of set and get commands> set key value12
OK> get key
## Sign out> quit
AT8775:redis shoren$ 

Posted by vbmurray on Tue, 08 Oct 2019 05:56:38 -0700