Install php7.4, mysql5.7, mongodb and nginx environment under mac

Keywords: PHP MongoDB Nginx

First of all, a digression, the black apple of NUC is really fragrant!

The company installed a black apple for the NUC. After using it for a period of time, I felt that the landline at home was tasteless and decided to start a NUC.
The integration software MxSrvs used in the company's development environment is also very easy to use.

But I still want to learn the native installation method under mac, resolutely give up the one click installation package and start tossing.
This article is installed through brew. Brew is as convenient and simple for MacOS as apt for Ubuntu. You can install brew first. Official one click installation, very simple!
Official address:

 $ /bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL" 

1. Preparation

In order to install the latest configuration, we upgrade brew in advance

brew update

2. Install php7.4

brew search php74 
brew install php@74

If your system has installed other versions, the error may be as follows. Don't panic

➜  ~ brew install php@74

==> Installing php74 from homebrew/php
Error: Cannot install homebrew/php/php74 because conflicting formulae are installed.
php55: because different php versions install the same binaries.
Please `brew unlink php55` before continuing.   //That is, your system has installed php5.5
Unlinking removes a formula's symlinks from /usr/local. You can
link the formula again after the install finishes. You can --force this
install, but the build may fail or cause obscure side-effects in the
resulting software.

Then you can uninstall php5.5 under the current system

brew unlink php55

Profile location

The configuration files generated after installation are in / usr/local/etc/php/7.4 directory, as follows:
The php.ini location is / usr/local/etc/php/7.4/php.ini
Php-fpm.conf is located at / usr/local/etc/php/7.4/php-fpm.conf
PHP runs phpize, and PHP configures ls /usr/local/opt/php@7.4/bin
The PHP FPM location is / usr/local/opt/php@7.4/sbin/php-fpm

Check whether the installation is successful

lsof -Pni4 | grep LISTEN | grep php
//As a result, the installation is successful
php-fpm    604 sandyliao    8u  IPv4 0x71e9686149e1591f      0t0  TCP (LISTEN)
php-fpm    692 sandyliao    9u  IPv4 0x71e9686149e1591f      0t0  TCP (LISTEN)
php-fpm    693 sandyliao    9u  IPv4 0x71e9686149e1591f      0t0  TCP (LISTEN)

Restart php
If you change the configuration, you need to restart php

brew services restart php

3. Install Nginx

brew install nginx

Through homebrew, the nginx file is installed in / usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf by default, and then type in the browser http://localhost:8080 , you can access the welcome interface of nginx.

to configure

vim /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

After nginx is installed, access the local directory. The default directory is / usr / local / cell / nginx / 1.15.12/html
At the bottom of the nginx configuration file, there is a line of code that introduces all the. You can create different sites in this directory (server).
Add the following codes. See the notes for each meaning. Copy and paste the following codes directly from multiple sites, and then modify the root and server_name can restart nginx

server {
        listen 80;
        root /usr/local/etc/nginx/www/cat/public;  #Project file address          
        index index.php index.html index.htm;
        server_name; #Local domain name. You want to define it in host
        location / {
                try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
        location ~ \.php$ {
                try_files $uri /index.php =404;
                fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
                fastcgi_index index.php;
                fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
                include fastcgi_params;
        location ~ /\.ht {
                deny all;

After the configuration is completed, we can restart nginx to make the configuration effective:

nginx -s reload

Nginx command:

//Test the configuration for syntax errors
nginx -t
//Reload configuration | restart | stop | exit nginx
nginx -s reload|reopen|stop|quit

4. Install MySQL

//Direct installation
brew install mysql@5.7

Set the startup and self startup of MySQL:

ln -sfv /usr/local/opt/mysql@5.7/*.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents
/Users/wangteng/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.mysql@5.7.plist -> /usr/local/opt/mysql@5.7/homebrew.mxcl.mysql@5.7.plist

Add environment variable

export PATH="/usr/local/opt/mysql@5.7/bin:$PATH"

After adding environment variables, don't forget to make them take effect
Then start mysql

mysql.server start

Test whether the database is installed successfully

mysql -u root -p  //Because no password is set, press enter twice

View network monitoring

$ netstat -nat | grep LISTEN
tcp4       0      0         *.*                    LISTEN
tcp4       0      0         *.*                    LISTEN
tcp4       0      0  *.80                   *.*                    LISTEN
tcp4       0      0  *.8080                 *.*                    LISTEN
tcp4       0      0        *.*                    LISTEN
tcp4       0      0        *.*                    LISTEN
tcp4       0      0        *.*                    LISTEN
tcp4       0      0         *.*                    LISTEN
tcp6       0      0  *.49159                *.*                    LISTEN
tcp4       0      0  *.49159                *.*                    LISTEN
tcp6       0      0  fe80::aede:48ff:.49156 *.*                    LISTEN
tcp6       0      0  fe80::aede:48ff:.49155 *.*                    LISTEN
tcp6       0      0  fe80::aede:48ff:.49154 *.*                    LISTEN
tcp6       0      0  fe80::aede:48ff:.49153 *.*                    LISTEN

At this point, the environment of Nginx+Mysql+PHP is installed. After a lap, I decided to reinstall MxSrvs. Well, it smells good.

Posted by khalidorama on Mon, 13 Sep 2021 21:44:49 -0700