How do I batch rename a set of files on Linux last time?

Keywords: Linux git vim

On Linux, mv commands are commonly used to rename files, which is convenient for renaming individual files.However, if we want to rename a set of files, mv is a bit tired.But that's okay. Today we're going to introduce a useful command for batch renaming, the rename command.

Here's how to use the rename command in more detail.

Unlike the mv command, the rename command does not simply specify the old and new file names.Instead, it uses regular expressions similar to Perl.Let's start with an example.

$ rename 's/old/new/' this.old
$ ls this*

Where s is used to specify that we replace the first string with the second string, thereby changing this.old to

One might ask, is it not more convenient for us to use the mv this.old command in the example above?Yes, but such a command can only rename one file at a time, and what we want to do today is rename a set of files at once.

What to do?Simply, here's an example:

$ ls *.old
report.old  schedule.old  stats.old  this.old
$ rename 's/old/new/' *.old
$ ls *.new  stats.old

As you can see from the above results, with this simple command, we can rename all the files at the end of.old to those at the end in the current directory. This is simple and efficient!

If you think that's all the rename command is that the Tucson is broken.The rename command is not limited to changing file extensions, but can also change any string in the file name.For example, if you want to change the file named report. * to review. *, you can use the following command:

$ rename 's/report/review/' *

Note that the rules provided in regular expressions can change any part of a file name, whether it is a file name or an extension.

$ rename 's/123/124/' *
$ ls *124*
status.124  report124.txt

If you want to interactively rename to see what changes have been made to avoid incorrect modifications, you can use the -v option.

$ rename -v 's/123/124/' *
status.123 renamed as status.124
report123.txt renamed as report124.txt

-v The option is to preview a text when you want to change it, and a preview when you change it, which is inefficient.What if I want to preview it as a whole and make all the changes at once when I'm sure there's no problem?

We can use -n or --nono Options let rename The command fulfills the above requirements.

$ rename -n 's/old/save/' *
rename(lyrics.txt-old, lyrics.txt-save)
rename(olderfile-, saveerfile-)
rename(oldfile, savefile)

If you feel comfortable with these changes, you can officially modify the file name by removing the -n option.

Note that the.In a rename regular expression is not a general English period, but a wildcard character that matches any character, which we can understand by referring to the following command.

$ rename -n 's/.old/.save/' *

In the example above, not only was.Old changed, but -old was also changed

If you want. to represent a period, you need to add an \ escape symbol, even if you use \. to indicate an English period.

$ rename -n 's/\.old/\.save/' *

To change both uppercase and lowercase letters, we can use the following commands.

$ rename -n 'y/A-Z/a-z/' W*
rename(WARNING_SIGN.pdf, warning_sign.pdf)
rename(Will_Gardner_buttons.pdf, will_gardner_buttons.pdf)
rename(Wingding_Invites.pdf, wingding_invites.pdf)
rename(WOW-buttons.pdf, wow-buttons.pdf)

Here, use -n to preview the changes that will be made, and y to indicate case changes.

In the example above, we changed all file names starting with the capital letter W to lower case.


If you want to rename a single file, you can use the mv command.If you want to rename a set of files, it is more convenient to use the rename command. Note that it is best to use the rename command with the -n option to preview the changes that will be made, confirm that they are correct, and rename them to avoid accidental occurrences.

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Posted by youngloopy on Thu, 07 Nov 2019 19:38:49 -0800