gearman implements task distribution

I found this gearman by chance and thought it was very useful and very suitable for PHP to run some businesses.

Don't say much. Install it.

Find using apt

sudo apt search gearman

Found this

gearman/bionic,bionic 1.1.18+ds-1 all
  Distributed job queue

OK, start the installation

sudo apt-get install gearman

OK, the installation is complete, and then check to see if it runs

ps -ef |grep gearman

Found running

$ ps -ef |grep gearman
gearman   1660     1  0 02:54 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/gearmand --pid-file=/run/gearman/ --listen=localhost --daemon --log-file=/var/log/gearman-job-server/gearmand.log
vagrant   2310  1452  0 02:54 pts/0    00:00:00 grep --color=auto gearman

OK, then start to install the PHP extension (because my PHP version is 7.4, I directly check the corresponding version extension of 7.4 here)

$ sudo apt search php7.4-gearman
Sorting... Done
Full Text Search... Done
php7.4-gearman/bionic amd64
  PHP wrapper to libgearman

Then start installing the extension

sudo apt-get install php7.4-gearman

After installation, use php -m to filter to see if it is enabled

$ php -m |grep gearman

Find it, and then start building two files


$client = new GearmanClient();
$client->addServer('', 4730);
$res1 = $client->doBackground('runLaterJob', json_encode(array(
  'uid' => 'test user id',
  'title' => 'Add a code title that requires asynchronous execution at the delay',
  'body' => 'Execute the details of this asynchrony',
  'sleep_time' => 2,

Create another work_job.php

$worker = new GearmanWorker();
$worker->addServer('', 4730);
$worker->addFunction('runLaterJob', function($job) {
    $data = json_decode($job->workload(), true);
    if (isset($data['sleep_time']) && $data['sleep_time'] > 0) {
      sleep($data['sleep_time']);//Delay processing if necessary
    echo "Processing tasks uid:{$data['uid']}--title:{$data['title']}--body:{$data['body']} success\n";
//Dead cycle waiting job Tasks submitted

Start work_job.php

php work_job.php

If there is no output on the screen, start add again_ job.php

php add_job.php

Then add_job.php runs quickly, and then you see work_ Job.php has output in 2 seconds

Processing tasks uid:test user id--title:Add a code title that requires asynchronous execution at the delay--body:The execution of the asynchronous concrete content is successful

Here we can see that the person who adds a job can do other things immediately after delivering the task. The person who consumes the job in the work can slowly process the business, which is very suitable for processing the delayed closing of orders.

For example, if no payment is made within 20 minutes after the order is created, the inventory will be released automatically. Then such a job can be delivered when the order is created, and then the subsequent consumer job will process the order after the set 20 minutes to decide whether it needs to release the inventory (if payment is required, no action will be taken. If payment has not been made, the inventory will be cancelled and the order will be set as overdue and unpaid)

In the past, we used crontab to regularly check which orders need to be closed and which orders need to be released. However, this highly depends on the frequency of execution time set by crontab. It can't be set to run every 1 minute. If it is set to run every 10 minutes, for example, we set it to 08:00, 08:10, 08:20, etc., it will appear that we just finished running at 8:00 The order creation time of the user who placed the order after the scheduled task is 08:01, so for it, it should be closed at 08:21, but at this time, the scheduled task at 08:20 has been completed, so the order is scanned at 08:30, which means that it has actually waited for 29 minutes, which is unreasonable to a certain extent.

With this task distribution, its tasks can be processed automatically in the background.

Posted by Gump on Thu, 28 Oct 2021 20:10:36 -0700