Custom MVC framework

Keywords: Java mvc

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1. Introduction to MVC

MVC is an architectural mode. It does not introduce new functions. It is only used to guide us to improve the architecture of the application and separate the application Model and View, so as to obtain better development and maintenance efficiency. In MVC mode, the application is divided into three parts: Model, View and Controller.

  • Model: the functions that programmers should have when writing programs (realizing algorithms, etc.), database experts for data management and database design (realizing specific functions);
  • Controller: responsible for forwarding requests and processing requests;
  • View: interface designers design graphical interfaces.

  2. Working principle of MVC

give an example:  

< a href = "Ser. Do? Name = add" > Add</a>
< a href = "Ser. Do? Name = delete" > delete</a>
< a href = "Ser. Do? Name = UPD" > Modify</a>
< a href = "Ser. Do? Name = sele" > query</a>  

In the previous development process, each interface needs a servlet to operate data, and finally achieve the goal, but the development efficiency is not high

High; It can be seen that the method call depends on name, so we put all the required methods in a servlet through name  

The call of value control method is indeed a lot easier, but each time a new method is added, the original logic must be changed

In other words, it is always necessary to judge and add. We can use radiation to read the methods that can realize the requirements through name

package com.wyy.web;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

@WebServlet("/ser.do")
public class setvlet extends HttpServlet {

	@Override
	protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws ServletException, IOException {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		doPost(req, resp);
	}
	
	@Override
	protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws ServletException, IOException {
			String name = req.getParameter("name");
//			if("add".equals(name)) {
//				add();
//			}else if("delete".equals(name)) {
//				del();
//			}else if("upd".equals(name)) {
//				upd();
//			}else if("sele".equals(name)) {
//				find();
//				
//			}
		try {
			//Reflection acquisition method
			Method m = this.getClass().getDeclaredMethod(name, HttpServletRequest.class,HttpServletResponse.class);
			//Open permissions
			m.setAccessible(true);
			m.invoke(this, req,resp);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		
	}
	private void sele(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		System.out.println("Query.........");
	}
	private void upd(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		System.out.println("Modify.........");
	}
	private void delete(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		System.out.println("Delete.........");
	}
	private void add(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) {
		System.out.println("Increase.........");
	}
}

Background output:

Increase.........

  You can see that the problem of changing code is solved through reflection, which makes the code more flexible. We just need to add methods

This code is equivalent to the central controller and does not directly process the browser request. It is the method (sub controller) that processes the browser request

So let's think about a problem: for example, book s need to be added, deleted and checked, and goods also need to be added, deleted and checked

Both bookServlet and goodsServlet need to write reflection. Once there are more requirements, the reflection code will become repetitive, but it

It is also necessary. We can adjust the position of this code, that is, it needs to be further optimized
 

Action     Extract all the methods that handle the request as the parent class (child controller)

package com.wyy.framework;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
/**
 * Sub controller
 * 	Processing requests
 * @author T440s
 *
 */
public interface Action {
	//Abstract method of all request processing methods
	//Process all requests
	public void execte(HttpServletRequest req,HttpServletResponse resp);
}

 ActionSupport 

Implement the Action to override the execte method and obtain the corresponding method through reflection (process all requests)

Function: when there are more requirements, you only need to inherit   ActionSupport class

package com.wyy.framework;

import java.lang.reflect.Method;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

public class ActionSupport implements Action {
	/**
	 * Process all requests
	 */
	@Override
	public void execte(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) {
		String parameter = req.getParameter("mathname");
		
		try {
			Method Method = this.getClass().getDeclaredMethod(parameter,HttpServletRequest.class,HttpServletResponse.class);
			Method.setAccessible(true);
			Method.invoke(this, req,resp);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} 
		return invoke;
	}

}

  DispatchServlet (central controller)  

Functions of the central controller: 1. Obtain the browser request URL 2. Find the sub controller that can process the request

  • There must be a set of all sub controllers stored in the central controller
  • Initialize all sub controllers into the central controller

We found that the set of sub controllers is placed in the central controller. When there are new requirements, we need to add the sub controllers to the set

It means the code that needs to be changed. Then, we put the sub controller into the configuration file. During initialization, we use xml modeling to put the sub controller into the configuration file

Read out the sub controller, so that no matter how many requirements there are, we only need to configure it in the configuration file.

package com.wyy.framework;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
import java.util.Set;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.commons.beanutils.BeanUtils;
import org.dom4j.DocumentException;

import com.wyy.web.BookAction;
/**
 * The central controller
 * @author T440s
 *
 */
@WebServlet("*.action")
public class DispatchServlet extends HttpServlet  {

	@Override
	protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws ServletException, IOException {
			doPost(req, resp);
	}
	
	//private Map<String , ActionSupport> map=new HashMap<String, ActionSupport>();
	private ConfigModel  config=null;
	/**
	 * There must be a set of all sub controllers in the current central controller
	 * Defect: if there is an addition, deletion, modification and query of goods -- > it means to change the code -- > the design of the code is not flexible enough
	 * The advantage of putting it in the configuration file is that the code is more flexible,
	 */
	
	/**
	 * Initialize all sub controllers to the central controller
	 */
	@Override
	public void init() throws ServletException {
			//map.put("book", new BookAction());
				try {
					//xml modeling reads the information in the configuration file through modeling
					config= new ConfigModelFactory().buibl();
				} catch (DocumentException e) {
					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
			
			
	}
	
	@Override
	protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws ServletException, IOException {
			//Find a sub controller that can handle the request
			//Get the URL of the browser
			String url = req.getRequestURI();
			url=url.substring(url.indexOf("b"), url.lastIndexOf("."));
			//ActionSupport action = map.get(url);
			//action.execte(req, resp);
			/**
			 * Find the corresponding object through the url
			 * Get full pathname from object
			 * Reflect instanced objects
			 */
			ActionModel popcon = config.popcon(url);
			//Full pathname
			String type = popcon.getType();
		try {
			// Reflect instantiated object bookAction
			ActionSupport action = (ActionSupport) Class.forName(type).newInstance();
			action.execte(req, resp);
			
		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} 
		
	}
}

xml configuration file

<action path="book" type="com.wyy.web.BookAction">
        <forward name="list" path="booklist.jsp" redirect="false" />
        <forward name="toEdit" path="toEdit.jsp" redirect="true" />
    </action>

Get request parameters (req.getparameter(""))

Usually, we will obtain various parameters on the page through request, and the code is redundant  

ModelDriver   Help the central controller to complete the parameter packaging project

package com.wyy.framework;
/**
 * Model driven interface
 * @author T440s
 *
 * @param <T>
 */
public interface ModelDriver<T> {
	/**
	 * Method of obtaining model object
	 * @return
	 */
	T getModel();
}

Page Jump mode, code redundancy

xml file

        <forward name="list" path="booklist.jsp" redirect="false" />
        <forward name="toEdit" path="toEdit.jsp" redirect="true" />

name is   Call the method, path is the jump path, and redirect is to determine the jump method

Modify the return method of the abstract method exece, and control the page Jump through the return value of exece

Central controller optimization

package com.wyy.framework;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
import java.util.Set;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.commons.beanutils.BeanUtils;
import org.dom4j.DocumentException;

import com.wyy.web.BookAction;

/**
 * The central controller
 * 
 * @author T440s
 *
 */
@WebServlet("*.action")
public class DispatchServlet extends HttpServlet {

	@Override
	protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws ServletException, IOException {
		doPost(req, resp);
	}

	// private Map<String , ActionSupport> map=new HashMap<String, ActionSupport>();
	private ConfigModel config = null;

	/**
	 * In the current central controller, there is bound to be a set defect of all sub controllers: if there are additions, deletions, modifications and queries of commodities -- > it means that the code needs to be changed -- > the design of the code is not flexible enough
	 * The advantage of putting it in the configuration file is that the code is more flexible,
	 */

	/**
	 * Initialize all sub controllers to the central controller
	 */
	@Override
	public void init() throws ServletException {
		// map.put("book", new BookAction());
		try {
			// xml modeling reads the information in the configuration file through modeling
			config = new ConfigModelFactory().buibl();
		} catch (DocumentException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

	}

	@Override
	protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws ServletException, IOException {
		// Find a sub controller that can handle the request
		// Get the URL of the browser
		String url = req.getRequestURI();
		url = url.substring(url.indexOf("b"), url.lastIndexOf("."));
		// System.out.println(url);
		// ActionSupport action = map.get(url);
		// action.execte(req, resp);
		/**
		 * Find the corresponding object through the url, obtain the full pathname through the object, and reflect the instantiated object
		 */
		ActionModel popcon = config.popcon(url);
		// Full pathname
		String type = popcon.getType();
		try {
			// Reflect instantiated object bookAction
			ActionSupport action = (ActionSupport) Class.forName(type).newInstance();
			// Complete the encapsulation of entity class parameters
			if (action instanceof ModelDriver) {
				// The current sub controller implements the model driven interface
				ModelDriver m = (ModelDriver) action;
				// Get object
				Object model = m.getModel();
				// Current request parameter set
				Map<String, String[]> map = req.getParameterMap();

				// BeanUtils.populate(model, map);

				Set<Entry<String, String[]>> entrySet = map.entrySet();
				// Get object properties by reflection
				Field[] fie = model.getClass().getDeclaredFields();

				for (Field field : fie) {
					field.setAccessible(true);
					// Get property name
					String name = field.getName();
					for (Entry<String, String[]> entry : entrySet) {
						// When the object property name obtained by reflection is the same as the parameter name
						if (entry.getKey().equals(name)) {
							// Get parameter value
							String val = entry.getValue()[0];
							// Get parameter data type
							String type3 = field.getType().toString();
							Object o = val;
							if (val != null) {
								if (type3.equals("int")) {
									o = Integer.parseInt(val);
								}
								if (type3.equals("float")) {
									o = (float) Integer.parseInt(val);
								}
							}
							field.set(model, o);
						}
					}
				}
			}
			// Execute business
			// Control redirection or forwarding by return value
			String execte = action.execte(req, resp);
			// Get model object
			ForwardModel pop = popcon.pop(execte);
			// Get jump path
			String path = pop.getPath();
			// Get jump method
			boolean isRedirect = pop.isRedirect();
			if (isRedirect) {
				resp.sendRedirect(path);
			} else {
				req.getRequestDispatcher(path).forward(req, resp);
			}
		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

	}
}

Obtain the full path name of the object through the browser request modeling, obtain the object through reflection, and judge whether the object inherits the model driven interface, because only by inheriting the model driven interface can we obtain the class object (book), obtain the parameter set, and assign the parameters to the corresponding object properties through reflection.

package com.wyy.web;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import com.wyy.framework.ActionSupport;
import com.wyy.framework.ModelDriver;
/**
 * Inheriting the exece method of the parent class, that is, inheriting reflection calls dynamic methods
 * @author T440s
 *
 */
public class BookAction extends ActionSupport implements ModelDriver<Book>{
	
	private Book  b=new Book();

	public String add(HttpServletRequest req,HttpServletResponse resp) {
		System.out.println("----------------"+b);
			return "list";
	}

	@Override
	public Book getModel() {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		return b;
	}
}
<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
    pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Insert title here</title>
</head>
<body>

<a href="book.action?mathname=add" >increase</a>
<form action="book.action">
	<input name="mathname" value="add" hidden=""/>
	id<input name="bid"/>
	title<input name="bname"/>
	Price<input name="price"/>
	<button>Submit</button>
</form>
</body>
</html>

Spooling


----------------Book [bid=1, bname=23, price=4.0]
 

 

Posted by powlow on Wed, 01 Sep 2021 19:15:08 -0700