Large Data Platform Real-Time Number Warehouse from 0 to Built - 04 hadoop Installation Test

Keywords: Hadoop mapreduce Yarn

Summary

This is about hadoop Installation tests for.
stay server110 Install the configuration on and synchronize to server111,server112

Environmental Science
Centos 7
jdk 1.8
hadoop-3.2.1

server110 192.168.1.110
server111 192.168.1.111
server112 192.168.1.112

install

#decompression
[root@server110 software]# tar -xzvf hadoop-3.2.1.tar.gz -C /opt/modules/
#environment variable
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# vim /etc/profile
#java
JAVA_HOME=/opt/modules/jdk1.8.0_181
PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin

#hadoop
HADOOP_HOME=/opt/modules/hadoop-3.2.1
PATH=$PATH:$HADOOP_HOME/bin:$HADOOP_HOME/sbin

export JAVA_HOME HADOOP_HOME PATH 
:wq #Save Exit

#Make environment variables valid
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# source /etc/profile
#test
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# hadoop
Usage: hadoop [OPTIONS] SUBCOMMAND [SUBCOMMAND OPTIONS]
 or    hadoop [OPTIONS] CLASSNAME [CLASSNAME OPTIONS]
..

Local mode wordcount test

#Create Test File
[root@server110 opt]# mkdir input
[root@server110 opt]# cd input/
[root@server110 input]# vim input.txt
hello world
hello bigdata
hello stream
hello hadoop

#Execute hadoop with sample jar
[root@server110 opt]# hadoop jar /opt/modules/hadoop-3.2.1/share/hadoop/mapreduce/hadoop-mapreduce-examples-3.2.1.jar wordcount /opt/input/  /opt/output

#View Output Results
[root@server110 opt]# cat output/part-r-00000 
bigdata	1
hadoop	1
hello	4
stream	1
world	1

Output directory structure

Pseudo Distributed Configuration

configuration file

Default profile, not sure what format to write, can refer to the default profile
core-default.xml
hdfs-default.xml
mapred-default.xml
yarn-default.xml

  • hadoop-3.2.1\share\hadoop\common\hadoop-common-3.2.1.jar\core-default.xml
  • hadoop-3.2.1\share\hadoop\hdfs\hadoop-hdfs-3.2.1.jar\hdfs-default.xml
  • hadoop-3.2.1\share\hadoop\mapreduce\hadoop-mapreduce-client-core-3.2.1.jar\mapred-default.xml
  • hadoop-3.2.1\share\hadoop\yarn\hadoop-yarn-common-3.2.1.jar\yarn-default.xml

Configure JAVA_HOME whenever an env file is encountered

#Profile directory
[root@server110 hadoop]# pwd
/opt/modules/hadoop-3.2.1/etc/hadoop

[root@server110 hadoop]# vim hadoop-env.sh
#shift+g jumps to the last line
export JAVA_HOME=/opt/modules/jdk1.8.0_181
#core-site.xml configuration
[root@server110 hadoop]# vim core-site.xml
<!--To configure namenode address -->
<property>
  <name>fs.defaultFS</name>
  <value>hdfs://server110:9000</value>
</property>
<!--hadoop Storage directory for temporary files generated at runtime -->
<property>
  <name>hadoop.tmp.dir</name>
  <value>/opt/modules/hadoop-3.2.1/data/tmp</value>
</property>


#hdfs-site.xml configuration
[root@server110 hadoop]# vim hdfs-site.xml
<!-- Number of copies default 3-->
<property>
  <name>dfs.replication</name>
  <value>3</value>
</property>

Format NameNode

[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# bin/hdfs namenode -format
2021-10-02 19:37:23,307 INFO namenode.NameNode: STARTUP_MSG: 
/************************************************************
STARTUP_MSG: Starting NameNode
STARTUP_MSG:   host = server110/192.168.1.110
STARTUP_MSG:   args = [-format]
STARTUP_MSG:   version = 3.2.1
..
`021-10-02 19:37:24,414 INFO common.Storage: Storage directory /opt/modules/hadoop-3.2.1/data/tmp/dfs/name has been successfully formatted.`
..
/************************************************************
SHUTDOWN_MSG: Shutting down NameNode at server110/192.168.1.110
************************************************************/

Start hdfs

Startup error, prompting to start using root,
HDFS_NAMENODE_USER, HDFS_DATANODE_USER, HDFS_SECONDARYNAMENODE_USER need to be configured

[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# sbin/start-dfs.sh 
Starting namenodes on [server110]
ERROR: Attempting to operate on hdfs namenode as root
ERROR: but there is no HDFS_NAMENODE_USER defined. Aborting operation.
Starting datanodes
ERROR: Attempting to operate on hdfs datanode as root
ERROR: but there is no HDFS_DATANODE_USER defined. Aborting operation.
Starting secondary namenodes [server110]
ERROR: Attempting to operate on hdfs secondarynamenode as root
ERROR: but there is no HDFS_SECONDARYNAMENODE_USER defined. Aborting operation.

Configure the following at the top of start-dfs.sh and stop-dfs.sh
(If stop-dfs.sh is not configured, it will start up and stop)

[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# vim sbin/start-dfs.sh
HDFS_NAMENODE_USER=root
HDFS_DATANODE_USER=root
HDFS_SECONDARYNAMENODE_USER=root
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# vim sbin/stop-dfs.sh
HDFS_NAMENODE_USER=root
HDFS_DATANODE_USER=root
HDFS_SECONDARYNAMENODE_USER=root

Configuration complete, restart

[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# sbin/start-dfs.sh 
Starting namenodes on [server110]
Last logon: June, October, 2, 19:28:08 CST 2021 From 192.168.1.107pts/0 upper
Starting datanodes
 Last logon: June, October, 2, 19:52:03 CST 2021pts/1 upper
localhost: Warning: Permanently added 'localhost' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
Starting secondary namenodes [server110]
Last logon: June, October, 2, 19:52:06 CST 2021pts/1 upper
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# jps
22962 SecondaryNameNode
23109 Jps
22539 NameNode
22699 DataNode

Close Firewall

web port 9870 was found to be blocked, closing three machine firewalls

[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# systemctl stop firewalld.service
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# systemctl disable firewalld.service 
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firewalld.service.
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service.
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# systemctl status firewalld.service 
‚óŹ firewalld.service - firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/firewalld.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: inactive (dead)
     Docs: man:firewalld(1)

10 Month 02 17:45:14 server111 systemd[1]: Starting firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon...
10 Month 02 17:45:15 server111 systemd[1]: Started firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon.
10 Month 02 19:58:36 server110 systemd[1]: Stopping firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon...
10 Month 02 19:58:37 server110 systemd[1]: Stopped firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon.

View the web interface

View web page, hadoop3.x version, web port changed to 9870
http://192.168.1.110:9870/
Can be accessed normally and configured successfully

Turn off hdfs

[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# sbin/stop-dfs.sh 
Stopping namenodes on [server110]
Last logon: June 20:03:58 CST 2021pts/1 upper
Stopping datanodes
 Last logon: June 20:12:06 CST 2021pts/1 upper
Stopping secondary namenodes [server110]
Last logon: June 20:12:08 CST 2021pts/1 upper

Cluster Configuration

Cluster Planning

NameNode, SecondaryNameNode, ResourceManager are resource intensive, so they are distributed across different machines

server110server111server112
HDFSNameNode
DataNode
DataNodeSecondaryNameNode
DataNode
YARNNodeManagerResourceManager
NodeManager
NodeManager

workers

[root@server110 hadoop]# vim workers
server110
server111
server112

hdfs-site.xml

Add secondaryNameNode configuration information

[root@server110 hadoop]# vim hdfs-site.xml
<!--secondary NameNode To configure -->
<property>
  <name>dfs.namenode.secondary.http-address</name>
  <value>server112:9868</value>
</property>

yarn-env.xml

[root@server110 hadoop]# vim yarn-env.sh
#shift+g jumps to the last line
export JAVA_HOME=/opt/modules/jdk1.8.0_181

yarn-site.xml

Specify ResourceManager address
How reducer gets data mapreduce_shuffle

[root@server110 hadoop]# vim yarn-site.xml
<!--Appoint resourcemanager -->
<property>
    <name>yarn.resourcemanager.hostname</name>
    <value>server111</value>
</property>
<!--reducer How to get data-->
<property>
    <name>yarn.nodemanager.aux-services</name>
    <value>mapreduce_shuffle</value>
</property>

start-yarn.sh & stop-yarn.sh

To start yarn with root, you need to add the following variables at the top of the start-yarn.sh & stop-yarn.sh files. This is configured in advance, so you won't have to report any errors later.
YARN_RESOURCEMANAGER_USER=root
HADOOP_SECURE_DN_USER=yarn
YARN_NODEMANAGER_USER=root

mapred-env.sh

Configure JAVA_HOME whenever an env file is encountered

[root@server110 hadoop]# vim mapred-env.sh
#shift+g jumps to the last line
export JAVA_HOME=/opt/modules/jdk1.8.0_181

mapred-site.xml

1. Configure MapReduce to run on yarn
2. Configure the classpath, otherwise execute mr and report no class error

[root@server110 hadoop]# vim mapred-site.xml
<property>
  <name>mapreduce.framework.name</name>
  <value>yarn</value>
  <description>The runtime framework for executing MapReduce jobs.
  Can be one of local, classic or yarn.
  </description>
</property>
<property>
        <name>mapreduce.application.classpath</name>
        <value>
            ${HADOOP_HOME}/etc/hadoop,
            ${HADOOP_HOME}/share/hadoop/common/*,
            ${HADOOP_HOME}/share/hadoop/common/lib/*,
            ${HADOOP_HOME}/share/hadoop/hdfs/*,
            ${HADOOP_HOME}/share/hadoop/hdfs/lib/*,
            ${HADOOP_HOME}/share/hadoop/mapreduce/*,
            ${HADOOP_HOME}/share/hadoop/mapreduce/lib/*,
            ${HADOOP_HOME}/share/hadoop/yarn/*,
            ${HADOOP_HOME}/share/hadoop/yarn/lib/*
        </value>
</property>

Delete format data

Delete formatted namenode information and log information in pseudo-distributed

[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# rm -rf data/ logs/

synchronize files

[root@server110 modules]# scp -r hadoop-3.2.1/ server111:/opt/modules/
[root@server110 modules]# scp -r hadoop-3.2.1/ server112:/opt/modules/

environment variable

[root@server111 modules]# vim /etc/profile
HADOOP_HOME=/opt/modules/hadoop-3.2.1
PATH=$PATH:$HADOOP_HOME/bin:$HADOOP_HOME/sbin

export JAVA_HOME HADOOP_HOME PATH
[root@server112 modules]# vim /etc/profile
HADOOP_HOME=/opt/modules/hadoop-3.2.1
PATH=$PATH:$HADOOP_HOME/bin:$HADOOP_HOME/sbin

export JAVA_HOME HADOOP_HOME PATH

Reformat namenode

[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# bin/hadoop namenode -format

Start dfs

[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# sbin/start-dfs.sh 
Starting namenodes on [server110]
Last logon: June 21:49:16 CST 2021pts/1 upper
Starting datanodes
 Last logon: June 21:50:08 CST 2021pts/1 upper
Starting secondary namenodes [server112]
Last logon: June 21:50:10 CST 2021pts/1 upper

Start yarn

Since the configured resourceManager is on server 111, yarn can only be started on server 111, and other nodes will fail to start

[root@server111 hadoop-3.2.1]# sbin/start-yarn.sh 
Starting resourcemanager
 Last logon: June 18:13:38 CST 2021 from server112pts/1 upper
Starting nodemanagers
 Last logon: June 22:07:15 CST 2021pts/0 upper

jps

There are NameNode, DataNode, NodeManager on server 110

[root@server110 opt]# jps
29718 Jps
29607 NodeManager
28907 DataNode
28734 NameNode

There are DataNode, ResourceManager, NodeManager on server 111

[root@server111 hadoop-3.2.1]# jps
22609 DataNode
23025 ResourceManager
23189 NodeManager
23542 Jps

There are DataNode, SecondaryNameNode, NodeManager on server112

[root@server112 hadoop-3.2.1]# jps
23472 Jps
23347 NodeManager
22974 SecondaryNameNode
22879 DataNode

View the web

http://192.168.1.110:9870
http://192.168.1.111:8088


test

HDFS

#Upload the input folder under opt to the root directory of hdfs
[root@server110 opt]# hdfs dfs -put input /

View file information
The file is small and only one block is allocated
The number of copies configured above is 3, and the node where the available copies are displayed below in Availability.

MR

Test wordcount using the existing input directory on hdfs

[root@server110 opt]# hadoop jar /opt/modules/hadoop-3.2.1/share/hadoop/mapreduce/hadoop-mapreduce-examples-3.2.1.jar wordcount /input /output
[root@server110 opt]# hdfs dfs -ls /
Found 3 items
drwxr-xr-x   - root supergroup          0 2021-10-02 21:55 /input
drwxr-xr-x   - root supergroup          0 2021-10-02 22:35 /output
drwx------   - root supergroup          0 2021-10-02 22:05 /tmp
[root@server110 opt]# hdfs dfs -ls /output
Found 2 items
-rw-r--r--   3 root supergroup          0 2021-10-02 22:35 /output/_SUCCESS
-rw-r--r--   3 root supergroup         44 2021-10-02 22:35 /output/part-r-00000
[root@server110 opt]# hdfs dfs -cat /output/part-r-00000
2021-10-02 22:36:23,310 INFO sasl.SaslDataTransferClient: SASL encryption trust check: localHostTrusted = false, remoteHostTrusted = false
bigdata	1
hadoop	1
hello	4
stream	1
world	1

History Server & Log Aggregation

When testing mr, we found that the history server has forgotten to configure. Configure it here.
Configured on server111 node, can only be started on server111 node

[root@server110 opt]# vim /opt/modules/hadoop-3.2.1/etc/hadoop/mapred-site.xml
<!--Configure History Server -->
<property>
  <name>mapreduce.jobhistory.address</name>
  <value>server111:10020</value>
</property>
<property>
  <name>mapreduce.jobhistory.webapp.address</name>
  <value>server111:19888</value>
</property>
[root@server110 opt]# vim /opt/modules/hadoop-3.2.1/etc/hadoop/yarn-site.xml
<!--Log Aggregation-->
  <property>
    <name>yarn.log-aggregation-enable</name>
    <value>true</value>
  </property>
  <property>
    <name>yarn.log-aggregation.retain-seconds</name>
    <value>-1</value>
  </property>

Start History Server

[root@server111 hadoop-3.2.1]# mapred --daemon start historyserver
[root@server111 hadoop-3.2.1]# jps
27446 ResourceManager
27319 DataNode
28316 Jps
27597 NodeManager
28254 JobHistoryServer

Test log

#Delete output folder on original dfs
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# hdfs dfs -rm -r /output
#Re-execute wordcount program
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# hadoop jar share/hadoop/mapreduce/hadoop-mapreduce-examples-3.2.1.jar wordcount /input /output
#View output directory
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# hdfs dfs -ls /output
Found 2 items
-rw-r--r--   3 root supergroup          0 2021-10-02 23:10 /output/_SUCCESS
-rw-r--r--   3 root supergroup         44 2021-10-02 23:10 /output/part-r-00000
#View Output Results
[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# hdfs dfs -cat /output/part-r-00000
2021-10-02 23:10:44,393 INFO sasl.SaslDataTransferClient: SASL encryption trust check: localHostTrusted = false, remoteHostTrusted = false
bigdata	1
hadoop	1
hello	4
stream	1
world	1

view log
1. Unable to access log server

  • Because the configuration file configures the event hostname, server111, but the local window system is inaccessible.
    Required to be added at C:\Windows\System32\driversetc\hosts
192.168.1.110 server110
192.168.1.111 server111
192.168.1.112 server112

2. Error checking log, history server starts normally, web can't see log. After checking the permissions of / tmp directory, yarn automatically created / tmp/logs directory is root:root, and the default administrator group is root:supergroup.

[root@server110 hadoop-3.2.1]# hdfs dfs -chmod 777 /tmp

Log Normal

Installation Test Completed

Posted by eazyGen on Sat, 02 Oct 2021 10:14:39 -0700