# If you want to do data analysis, suggest collecting, Python data visualization diagram (with code)

Keywords: Python github

preface

1. Tree view

The tree view combines similar points according to a given distance measure, and organizes them into tree links according to the similarity of the points.

```import scipy.cluster.hierarchy as shc

# Import Data

# Plot
plt.figure(figsize=(16, 10), dpi= 80)
plt.title("USArrests Dendograms", fontsize=22)
dend = shc.dendrogram(shc.linkage(df[['Murder', 'Assault', 'UrbanPop', 'Rape']], method='ward'), labels=df.State.values, color_threshold=100)
plt.xticks(fontsize=12)
plt.show()```

2. Clustering graph

A cluster map can be used to divide points that belong to the same cluster. The following is an example of how states in the United States are divided into five groups based on the USArrests dataset. The cluster graph uses murder and attack columns as X and Y axes. Alternatively, you can use the first to first major component as the X and Y axes.

```from sklearn.cluster import AgglomerativeClustering
from scipy.spatial import ConvexHull

# Import Data

# Agglomerative Clustering
cluster.fit_predict(df[['Murder', 'Assault', 'UrbanPop', 'Rape']])

# Plot
plt.figure(figsize=(14, 10), dpi= 80)
plt.scatter(df.iloc[:,0], df.iloc[:,1], c=cluster.labels_, cmap='tab10')

# Encircle
def encircle(x,y, ax=None, **kw):
if not ax: ax=plt.gca()
p = np.c_[x,y]
hull = ConvexHull(p)
poly = plt.Polygon(p[hull.vertices,:], **kw)

# Draw polygon surrounding vertices
encircle(df.loc[cluster.labels_ == 0, 'Murder'], df.loc[cluster.labels_ == 0, 'Assault'], ec="k", fc="gold", alpha=0.2, linewidth=0)
encircle(df.loc[cluster.labels_ == 1, 'Murder'], df.loc[cluster.labels_ == 1, 'Assault'], ec="k", fc="tab:blue", alpha=0.2, linewidth=0)
encircle(df.loc[cluster.labels_ == 2, 'Murder'], df.loc[cluster.labels_ == 2, 'Assault'], ec="k", fc="tab:red", alpha=0.2, linewidth=0)
encircle(df.loc[cluster.labels_ == 3, 'Murder'], df.loc[cluster.labels_ == 3, 'Assault'], ec="k", fc="tab:green", alpha=0.2, linewidth=0)
encircle(df.loc[cluster.labels_ == 4, 'Murder'], df.loc[cluster.labels_ == 4, 'Assault'], ec="k", fc="tab:orange", alpha=0.2, linewidth=0)

# Decorations
plt.xlabel('Murder'); plt.xticks(fontsize=12)
plt.ylabel('Assault'); plt.yticks(fontsize=12)
plt.title('Agglomerative Clustering of USArrests (5 Groups)', fontsize=22)
plt.show()```

3. Andrews curve

The Andrews curve helps to visualize whether there are inherent groupings based on the numerical characteristics of a given group. If the features (columns in the dataset) cannot be grouped in a help area, the rows cannot be separated well, as follows

```from pandas.plotting import andrews_curves

# Import
df.drop(['cars', 'carname'], axis=1, inplace=True)

# Plot
plt.figure(figsize=(12,9), dpi= 80)
andrews_curves(df, 'cyl', colormap='Set1')

# Lighten borders
plt.gca().spines["top"].set_alpha(0)
plt.gca().spines["bottom"].set_alpha(.3)
plt.gca().spines["right"].set_alpha(0)
plt.gca().spines["left"].set_alpha(.3)

plt.title('Andrews Curves of mtcars', fontsize=22)
plt.xlim(-3,3)
plt.grid(alpha=0.3)
plt.xticks(fontsize=12)
plt.yticks(fontsize=12)
plt.show()```

4. Parallel graph

Parallel coordinates help to visualize whether a function helps to effectively isolate groups. If isolated, this feature can be useful in predicting the group.

```from pandas.plotting import parallel_coordinates

# Import Data

# Plot
plt.figure(figsize=(12,9), dpi= 80)
parallel_coordinates(df_final, 'cut', colormap='Dark2')

# Lighten borders
plt.gca().spines["top"].set_alpha(0)
plt.gca().spines["bottom"].set_alpha(.3)
plt.gca().spines["right"].set_alpha(0)
plt.gca().spines["left"].set_alpha(.3)

plt.title('Parallel Coordinated of Diamonds', fontsize=22)
plt.grid(alpha=0.3)
plt.xticks(fontsize=12)
plt.yticks(fontsize=12)
plt.show()```

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Posted by fellixombc on Thu, 14 May 2020 02:53:04 -0700