JS node access add, delete, modify and query (attach node access compatibility writing method of low version browser)

Keywords: Javascript Attribute less Google

Node access add, delete, modify and query

And get page element type, but node operation uses node level relationship to get elements

  • Getting elements by parent-child sibling relationship
  • Logical, but less compatible
  • Generally, a node has at least three basic attributes: nodeType, nodeName and nodeValue

Node type

Node type Explain value
Element node Each HTML tag is an element node, such as < div >, < p >, < UL >, etc 1
Attribute node Attributes of element nodes (HTML tags), such as id, class, name, etc. 2
Text node The text content in the element node or attribute node. 3
Comment Nodes Represents a document comment in the form of. 8
Document node Represents the entire document (root node of DOM tree, i.e. document) 9
  • In the actual development, the main operation of node operation is element node

Get node (level)

Using DOM tree, nodes can be divided into different types of hierarchical relationships, which are often * * parent-child hierarchical relationships**

1. Parent node

  • The parentNode property returns the parent node of a node. Note that it is the nearest parent node
  • Returns null if the specified node does not have a parent

2. child nodes

1. parentNode.childNodes	//standard

parentNode, childNodes returns the collection of child nodes containing the specified node, which is the collection of immediate updates.

Note: the return value contains all child nodes, including element nodes, text nodes, etc

If you only want to get the element nodes in it, you need to deal with them specially. So we generally do not advocate the use of child Nodes

//Using nodeType to extract element nodes
var ul = document.querySelector ('ul');
for(var i= 0; i < ul.childNodeslength;i++) {
    if (ul.childNodes[i].nodeType === 1)(
    // u1. childNodes[i] are element nodes
    console. log(ul.childNodes[i]);

[focus on this] get all child nodes

parentNode.children		//Nonstandard

parentNode.children is a read-only attribute that returns all child element nodes. [key points]

Although children is a non-standard, it is supported by various browsers, so we can use it with confidence

3. First and last node

The first way to return the first node

1. parentNode.firstChild

Return to the last child node

2. parentNode.lastChild
  • These two return node methods can not find return null, if found, it will return all child nodes, including text, comment nodes, etc
  • In actual development, we don't want all nodes, just element nodes. What should we do? Look at the bottom.

The second way is to return the first element node

3. parentNode.firstElementChild

parentNode.firstElementChild returns the first child element node or null if it cannot be found

4. parentNode.lastElementChild

parentNode.lastElementChild returns the last child element node or null if it cannot be found

[but]: there are compatibility problems between the two methods. Only when IE9 is over, can it be supported. Don't worry, we have a third way A kind of

The third way is to get the compatibility of the first and last element nodes

Actual development method: no compatibility problem and return the desired element node

5. parentNode.children[0];  //Get the first element node
6. parentNode.children[parentNode.children.length - 1]; //Get the last element

Sub node small case (Sina navigation bar)

//Get ul box
var nav = document.querySelector('.nav');
//Get 4 small li displayed
var lis = nav.children;
//Use a traversal to store the length of li, so as not to get every for loop
var Len = lis.length;

//for loop to register mouse events
for(var i = 0; i < Len; i++) {
    lis[i].onmouseover = function(){
        //a tag is the first element of li, and ul in li is the second element of li
        this.children[0].className = 'currentA';
        this.children[1].style.display = 'block';
    lis[i].onmouseout = function(){
        this.children[0].className = '';
        this.children[1].style.display = 'none';

4. Brother node

The first way

1. node.nextSibling

nextSibling returns the next sibling node of the current element, and null cannot be found. Also, it contains all nodes

2. node.previousSibling

previousSibling returns the last sibling node of the current element. null cannot be found. Also, it contains all nodes

These two silly methods are the same as the first method to get the first and last element methods, making people speechless

The second way

3. node.nextElementSibling

Nexterelementsibling returns the next sibling node of the current element, or null if not found

4. node.previousElementSibling

Nexterelementsibling returns the previous sibling node of the current element, or null if not found

There is also a compatibility issue with the previous second method that gets the first and last element methods. IE9 or above

Create node

  • The document.createElement() method creates HTML elements specified by tagName, because these elements do not exist originally and are generated dynamically according to our requirements. All of them are also called dynamic element node

Insertion node

  • The node.appendChild() method adds a node to the end of the child list of the specified parent node, similar to the:: after pseudo element in css

  • **Disadvantages: * * if there are many contents in the element, you need to assign innerHTML value and append it to the parent element in appendChild(), which is troublesome

  • **Advanced syntax: * * use insertAdjacentHTML() to directly add string format elements to the parent element

node.insertBefore(child, specify element)
  • The node.insertBefore() method adds a node to the front of the specified child node of the specified parent node, similar to the:: before pseudo element in css

Delete node

1. element.remove();				//It can also be deleted
2. node.removeChild(child);	//Delete the parent node of the element node in the parent section
  • The node.removeChild() method deletes a child node from the DOM and returns the deleted node

Case: (simple message board)

//Outermost box (get its child elements from this element))
var div = document.getElementsByClassName('box')[0];
var txt = div.children[0];
//Release button
var btn = div.children[1];
//ul get this element and add li tag
var ul = div.lastElementChild;
//Click events
btn.onclick = function() {
    if(txt.value == '') {
        alert('You haven't entered yet..');
        return false;
    } else {
        var li = document.createElement('li');
        li.innerHTML = txt.value +"<a href = 'javascript:;'>delete</a>";
        txt.value = '';

        //Delete elements
        var armove = li.firstElementChild;
        armove.onclick = function() {

Replication node (clone node)

  • The node.cloneNode() method returns a copy of the node that called the method, also known as the clone / copy node

  • [note] 1. If the bracket parameter is empty or false, it is a shallow copy, that is, only the node itself is cloned, not the child nodes in the element

  • 2. If the bracket = = parameter is true, it is a deep copy, which copies the node itself and all its children

Case (dynamically generated table)

//Simulate preparing student data
var datas = [{   
    name:'Wei Luo Luo',
    name:'Fu Heng',
    name:'Ming Yu',
    name:'Unfaithful man',
var tb = document.querySelector('tbody');
var len = datas.length;
//Traversal array creation elements
for(var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
    //Create row
    var tr = document.createElement('tr');
    //The number of td cells created in the row depends on the number of properties of the object, so you need to traverse the object data [i]
    for(var k in datas[i]) {
        //Creating Cells 
        var td = document.createElement('td');
        //Property value insert cell
        td.innerHTML = (datas[i][k]);
        //Insert row
    //Create delete cell
    var td = document.createElement('td');
    td.innerHTML = "<a href = 'javascript:;' title = 'Click Delete'>delete</a>";
//The last step is to click the delete button to delete the data
var close = document.getElementsByTagName('a');
var cloLen = close.length;
for(var j = 0; j <cloLen; j++) {
    close[j].onclick = function() {

Three dynamic creation differences

  • document.write()
document.write(<div>ss</div>); //The content of the original page may be overwritten, almost no need, just understand
  • element.innerHTML
document.body.innerHTML(); 	//There's nothing in a hundred lines, but more than 100 lines will affect performance
  • document.createElement()
document.createElement();	//Official recommendation


  1. document.write() directly writes content to the internal flow of the page, but when the document flow is completed, all pages will be redrawn [very serious, the original page will be lost]

  2. innerHTML is to write content to a DOM node without causing the page to be redrawn

  3. innerHTML is more efficient in creating multiple elements = = (don't splice strings, splice them in array form, strings are immutable, and splicing strings will also lead to slow efficiency) = =, slightly complex structure

  4. createElement() is a little less efficient to create multiple elements, but the structure is clearer (create the element first, then append the content to the element)

[summary] in different browsers, innerHTML is more efficient than createElement (without string splicing)

Here are two kinds of innerHTML concatenated strings, using array and createElement efficiency comparison methods

//	 1.innerHTML splicing character test (different computer hardware computing efficiency is different, here is the execution time of [Lenovo rescuer Y7000]:
//		1 second)
//The first is simpler. The following tests can also use this one
<button>Click Add</button>
var btn = document.querySelector('button');
btn.addEventListener('click',function() {
for (var i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
    document.body.innerHTML += '<div style="width:100px; height:2px; border:1px solid blue;"></div>';

//Second kinds
function fn() {
    var d1 = +new Date();
    var str = '';
    for (var i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
        document.body.innerHTML += '<div style="width:100px; height:2px; border:1px solid blue;"></div>';
    var d2 = +new Date();
    console.log(d2 - d1);
//	 2.innerHTML array mode test (different computer hardware computing efficiency is different, here I am [Lenovo rescuer Y7000] execution time is about:
//		4 ms, greatly reduced time)
function fn() {
    var d1 = +new Date();
    var array = [];
    for (var i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
        array.push('<div style="width:100px; height:2px; border:1px solid blue;"></div>');
    document.body.innerHTML = array.join('');
    var d2 = +new Date();
    console.log(d2 - d1);
//	 2.createElement array mode test (different computer hardware computing efficiency is different, here I am [Lenovo rescuer Y7000] execution time is about:
//		13 milliseconds)
function fn() {
    var d1 = +new Date();

    for (var i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
        var div = document.createElement('div');
        div.style.width = '100px';
        div.style.height = '2px';
        div.style.border = '1px solid red';
    var d2 = +new Date();
    console.log(d2 - d1);

Node access compatibility writing

Advanced browser can get elements, text (including content, space, line feed), comments.
Low version browsers use the ability to get elements, text (no spaces, line breaks), comments.

How to get nodes and element nodes

Node / element node Explain
node.parentNode Last parent node
parentNode.childNodes All child nodes
parentNode.children All child element nodes [Key compatible]
parentNode.firstChild First child node
parentNode...lastChild Last child node
parentNode.firstElementChild First child element node [IE678 incompatible]
parentNode.lastElementChild Last child element node [IE678 incompatible]
node.nextSibling Next sibling node
node.previousSibling Last sibling node
node.nextElementSibling Next sibling element node [IE678 incompatible]
node.previousSibling Previous sibling element node [IE678 incompatible]

Get first element node compatibility

var ul = document.getElementsByTagName('ul')[0];
// Concise method
ul.children[0].style.background = 'orange';

//	① . compatibility encapsulation gets the first child element:
function getFirstElementChild(ele) {
    if (ele.firstElementChild) {
        return ele.firstElementChild;
    } else {
        var node = ele.firstChild;
        while(node != null && node.nodeType != 1) {
            node =  node.nextSibling;
        // node == null or node.nodeType == 1
        return node;
var demo = getFirstElementChild(ul);
demo.style.background = 'pink';

Get last element node compatibility

var ul = document.getElementsByTagName('ul')[0];
//Concise writing
ul.children[ul.children.length-1].style.background = 'lightblue'

// Function encapsulation
function getLastElementChild(ele) {
    if (ele.lastElementChild) {
        return ele.lastElementChild;
    } else {
        var nodeLast = ele.lastChild;
        while (nodeLast != null && nodeLast.nodeType != 1) {
            nodeLast = nodeLast.previousSibling;
        return nodeLast;
getLastElementChild(ul).style.background = '#008c8c';

Get previous element node compatibility

// ele.previousElementSibling displays undefined in IE678

var li2 = document.getElementById('#li2');
function getPreviousElement(ele) {
    // Capability testing
    if(ele.previousElementSibling)  {  // Google Firefox
        return ele.previousElementSibling;
    } else {  // IE8
        // Get previous node: null element text comment
        var node = ele.previousSibling;

        // Uncertain number of cycles
        // 1. node must exist, not null, 2. Node is not an element node
        while(node != null && node.nodeType != 1) {
            node =  node.previousSibling
        // node == null or node.nodeType == 1
        return node;
var li = getPreviousElement(li2);
li.style.background = 'pink';

Get next element node compatibility

var li2 = document.getElementById('#li2');

//Compatibility encapsulation gets the last sibling element
function getNextElement(ele) {
    if (ele.nextElementSibling) {
        return ele.nextElementSibling;
    } else {
        var nodeNext = ele.nextSibling;
        while (nodeNext != null && nodeNext.nodeType != 1) {
            nodeNext = nodeNext.nextSibling;
        return nodeNext;
getNextElement(li2).style.background = 'pink';
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Posted by jek1134 on Sat, 14 Mar 2020 20:50:20 -0700